Adultery ‘in the heart’ – St. John Paul II

“Adultery ‘in the heart’ is committed not only because man ‘looks’ in this way at a woman who is not his wife, but precisely because he looks at a woman in this way. Even if he looked in this way at the woman who is his wife, he could likewise commit adultery ‘in his heart.’

Pope John Paul II, “Blessed are the Pure of Heart,” §2, October 8, 1980 audience, published by Daughters of St. Paul, 50 St. Paul Ave, Boston, MA 02130, l983

Pope Pius XII – The Christian concept of fashion

The female youth of Italian Catholic Action has undertaken in 1940, in Italy, a “crusade of purity” against the immorality of fashion, the Holy Father congratulated the delegation of 3,000 members and reminded them that Christian principles should govern the feminine attire and attitude that must have Christian girls in front of immorality.

Our joy is intense, dear daughters, bless you again in the holy “crusade of purity” that you have so opportunely business and you courageously continue under the powerful protection of the Virgin most pure, Mary Immaculate.

The “crusade of purity” …

The worthy and happy crusade name you have chosen and taxed at your beautiful big campaign features a brilliant cross, salvation beacon for the world, and evokes the glorious historical memories of the Crusades of the Christian peoples, the holy expeditions and battles under the sacred flags for the conquest of the holy places and to defend Catholic countries against invasions and threats of unbelievers. You also hear defend a Catholic area, the land of purity, there conquer and keep those that read like a cloud charged with the aroma of Christ forth fragrance in families, gatherings of friends, streets, assemblies, performances, public and private entertainment.

This is a crusade against the enemies of Catholic morality, against the perils create calmly current morality of peoples powerful waves of immorality that lead through the streets of the world and invade all social classes.

… made necessary by the current immorality

Today such a danger exists everywhere, the Church is not only to tell.

Even among foreign men to the Christian faith, the most far-sighted and more concerned with the public good in denouncing the high spirits terrible threats to the social order and the future of nations.

These excitations to uncleanness that multiply currently poisoning the roots of life, while the brake of evil is further weakened by the indulgence, we would call a better negation of part of more wider public consciousness that shows blind in front of the most reprehensible moral disorders.

This immorality is it more today than other previous eras? It might be unwise to assert, in any case, this is an idle question. Already the author of Ecclesiastes wrote this warning: “Do not say, how is it that the former days were better than these? For such a question is silly. All things are difficult. What has been is what will be, and what is done is what will be done; and there is nothing new under the sun “(Qoheleth 7.10; Qoheleth 1: 8-9).

The life of man on earth – even in Christian centuries – is always a battle. We need to save our souls and those of our brethren in our time, and now the danger is certainly bigger because the devices that excite passions have extraordinarily increased, while at other times they were confined in circles restricted.

The progress of the press, cheap books like luxury books, photographs, illustrations, art prints of all kinds and of all colors and all costs, cinemas, variety shows and a hundred other ways misleading secrets and spread the attractions of evil, and put them in the hands of all, great and small, women and girls.

Is there not a way that spreads to everyone, bold and unbecoming to a young girl raised in a Christian? The movie does not he do attend performances that once took refuge in enclosures where they would never have dared set foot?

In the face of these dangers, the government has taken several countries of legislative or administrative measures to stem the flood of immorality. But in the area of customs, the external action of the authorities, even the most powerful, praiseworthy, useful and necessary as it is, will never succeed in getting these alone sincere and wholesome fruits that heal the souls on which must operate a more powerful force.

… in many areas.

The Church needs to work on souls, and service of Catholic Action, your action, in unity and under the direction of the ecclesiastical hierarchy, fighting the perils of misconduct in all areas that are open to you: in the fashion, apparel and clothing, hygiene and sport, in the field of social relations and entertainment.

Your weapons are your word and your example, your kindness and your support, weapons as evidenced from others and make possible and commendable behavior that honors you and honors your business.

We do not we propose to retrace here the sad picture too known disorders that present themselves to you: clothes so tight or as they seem made for rather put more into relief what they should veil; sports parts that unfold under conditions of clothes, exhibition and camaraderie, irreconcilable with the modesty even less demanding; dances, shows, interviews, readings, artwork, ornaments, where the desire of entertainment and fun accumulates the most serious dangers.

Instead, we wish to remember and put before you the principles of the Catholic faith in these matters, should inform your judgment, guide your conduct and your not, inspire and support your spiritual struggle.

Purity does caution that the fight against temptations

For it is a struggle it is.

The purity of the living souls of supernatural grace is preserved or never retain without a fight.

Blessed are you have received in your families, at the dawn of your life, from the cradle, with baptism, a higher life, the divine life. unconscious children a great gift and a great happiness, then you have not had to fight – as more mature souls less fortunate than you – to conquer such a high good; but you yourselves do not retain it without struggle.

If the purifying and sanctifying grace that has reconciled with God as daughters of adoption and heirs of heaven in your soul has erased the original sin, it has nonetheless left you sad legacy of Adam, who is this internal imbalance, the fight felt that even the great apostle Paul who, while taking delight in the law of God after the inward man, saw its members another law of sin (Romans 7.22 to 23), law passions and disorderly inclinations, which never allow themselves to fully tame, and with which, allied to the flesh and the world conspires an angel of Satan, the temptations molest souls.

This is the war that book between spirit and flesh so openly attested by Divine Revelation that with the exception of the Blessed Virgin, it is futile to imagine a life that can be both pure and lived without vigilance and without a fight.

Give not believe in the illusion of your soul insensible to excitations, invincible to the attractions and dangers. It is true that the habit often succeeds in making mind less susceptible to such impressions, especially when it is hijacked, absorbed in its forces by exercising a higher professional or intellectual activity. But imagine that all souls, so prone to passions can get unresponsive to stimuli caused by the images, colorful attractions of pleasure, stir and hold on the attention they would assume and believe that the malignant complicity these perilous instigations found in the instincts of the fallen human nature and disorderly can never stop or decrease.

… that the action of the “crusade” aims to support.

This inevitable fight, you will accept courageously and Christian.

The purpose of your joint action can not be to remove it completely, but it should aim to get that necessary spiritual battle is not made for more difficult and perilous souls by external circumstances, the atmosphere in which hearts who suffer the assaults must support and continue.

On the battlefields of the Church, or compete virtue and vice, you will always meet some characters whom God gave a fearless temper heroic. Supported by grace, they will leave no shake or hit by no pulse; they know openly maintained without corruption and pure amidst the filth around them, like a leaven of good fermentation and regeneration for the many souls – redeemed, too, by the blood of Christ – which mass around them.

Therefore, the purpose of your struggle is that Christian purity, salvation condition for souls becomes less difficult for all people of goodwill, so that the temptations born of external contingencies, do not exceed the limits of this resistance that ‘with the grace of God, poor force of many souls is able to oppose.

To achieve resolutions as holy and righteous as it is necessary to act on the environment and the flow of ideas that can influence effectively enough common action, so that individual and isolated action has limited or no effectiveness. If Unity makes strength, only a compact group and as many as possible of spirits resolved Christians and without fear, know where their conscience speaks and demands, shake off the yoke of some social, freedom from tyranny stronger today than ever, modes of all kinds, clothing patterns, patterns in the customs and social relationships.

Christian fashion design.

The method has, in itself, nothing bad.

It arises spontaneously from human sociability, following the impulse which inclines to be in harmony with others and with the habits of people among which were live.

God does not ask you to live out your time to stay indifferent to the demands of fashion as to make yourself ridiculous by dressing against taste and common uses of your contemporary, and never worry about it they like.

Thus the angelic St. Thomas Aquinas, he says that in external things of which man uses, there is no vice but the vice comes from the man who uses them immoderately compared to the uses of those with whom he lives, distinguishing itself in a strange way with the other, or by using things in a manner consistent or inconsistent with the established custom, but with a disordered sense, superabundance superbly decorated clothes, or worn with complacency or searched with exaggerated solicitude, while modesty and simplicity suffice to meet the decorum required ( Summa theologica , II has II ae , q. 169, art. 1, 2).

The same holy doctor finally adds that there meritorious act of virtue in feminine adornment when it conforms to the use, according to the state of the person and a good intention. When women wear decent ornaments in keeping with their status and dignity when they follow in this measure with the customs of their country, then adorn themselves is also an act of the virtue of moderation that prints a measured approach , attitude, clothing and all the outer movements (St. Thomas Aquinas, Expositio in Isaiam prophetam , ch. III, in fine ).

Attitude control that girls

In the attitude to adopt towards fashion, under the stars balance.

What God asks you is to remember always that fashion is not and can not be the supreme rule of your conduct, that above fashion and its requirements, there are higher and imperious laws , upper and immutable principles which in any case can not be sacrificed at the discretion of pleasure or caprice, and before whom the idol of fashion should know lowering his omnipotence fugitive.

These principles were proclaimed by God through the Church, by the saints and holy, by reason and Christian morality. These are signals that mark the limits beyond which do not flower lilies and roses, where purity, modesty, dignity and honor women not exhale their perfume, but where and reign breath unhealthy air lightness, ambiguous language, daring vanity, conceit in the heart as well as in clothing.

These are the principles that St. Thomas Aquinas states and recalls affecting the toilet of women ( Summa Theologica , II has II ae , q. 169, Art. 2), indicating what should be the order of our charity and our conditions: the good of our soul outweighs that of our body, and we must prefer to the advantage of our own bodies the good of the soul of our neighbor ( Ibid. , Q 26, s. 4-5. ).

So do not you see that there is a limit that no form of fashion can help overcome a limit beyond which fashion is a source of ruin for the soul of the woman and the ‘soul of another?

… who need to know the temptations they may cause.

Some girls may say that so determined to dress is more convenient and also more hygienic; but if it becomes for the salvation of the soul and a serious threat next, she certainly is not hygienic for your mind and it is your duty to give it up.

The desire to save their souls made heroic martyrs, such as Agnes and Cecilia, amid torments and lacerations their virginal body. You, sisters in faith in Christ’s love and esteem of virtue, you would not find in your heart the courage and strength to sacrifice a bit of well-being, a physical advantage, if we want to keep healthy and pure life of your souls?

If, for simple personal enjoyment, no one has the right to endanger the personal lives of others, is not it even less possible to compromise the salvation, so the very life of their souls?

If, as some claim, a bold fashion produces no bad impression on them, that they know the impression that others are feeling? Which insures that the others do not pull the wrong incentives?

You do not know the background of human frailty nor what corrupted blood runs off the wounds left in human nature by Adam’s sin with ignorance in intelligence, malice in the will, greed and fun weakness in respect of the property difficult in the passions of the senses to the point that man, soft as wax for evil, “sees what is best and approval, and attaches the worst” ( see Ovid, Metamorphoses 7: 20-21), because of the weight that always, like lead, leads to the bottom.

Oh ! how precisely it was observed that if some Christian suspected temptations and falls in others they cause by their dress and familiarities which, in their light, they give so little importance, they épouvanteraient their responsibility !

Advice for Christian mothers …

What we do not hesitate to add: O Christian mothers, if you knew what a future of anxieties and internal dangers, harm repressed doubts, bad contained shames you prepare your son and your daughters, by accustoming them imprudently living barely covered, making them lose the delicate sense of modesty, you blush of yourselves and you redouteriez shame you made to yourselves and the damage you cause to the children that heaven you entrusted to raise a Christian.

And what we say to mothers, we repeat many of believing women and even pious who, by agreeing to attend such bold fashion, are falling by their example the last hesitations that hold a lot of sisters away from this fashion which will become for them a source of spiritual ruin.

As long as certain provocative toilets remain the dubious notoriety and women of privilege as a sign that makes them recognize, we do not dare to adopt for himself. But when these toilets appear worn by people above all suspicion, we do not hesitate to go with the flow, a current that may cause the worst falls.

… and members of the “crusade.”

If he agrees that all Christian women have the courage to get in front of such serious moral responsibilities, you, dear girls, because of this strong feeling that you tapped into your faith and candor of virtue, you have glory of you being united paladines purity, in your holy crusade.

Isolated, your boldness would be of little value in opposing the invasion of the evil that surrounds you; closely united and framed, you will be strong enough and powerful legion to impose respect for the rights of Christian modesty.

Your sense of young Catholics, meaning refined and supported by the wisdom of faith and conscious practice of a solidly pious life, you will see and discern, in the light of the Spirit of God, with the help of his grace obtained through prayer and also with the help of advice requested those that Jesus Christ has placed as guides and teachers at your side, which, in the modes in the uses and the social conventions that come to you, fully acceptable, which is only tolerable, which is totally unacceptable.

The clear knowledge and deeply felt your job make you brave and loyal in mutual support, to accomplish it without hesitation, but with a resolution worthy of your youthful ardor.

Belle is the virtue of purity and smooth grace that shines not only in fact but also in speech that never oversteps the bounds of propriety and politeness and seasoning love the advice and warning . The chaste generation is also bursting with grace before God and before men.

In the days of trial, suffering, sacrifice and austere duties which we are, it is not afraid to go up all his power at the height of the serious obligations under Providence.

Today, dear daughters, the crusade for you is not in the sword, blood or martyrdom, but in the example, speech and exhortation. Against your energies and your designs stands, as a key enemy, the demon of impurity and licentiousness.

Raise your head high to heaven, where Christ and the Immaculate Virgin, his Mother, watching you. Be strong and unyielding in fulfilling your duty as Christians. Take the defense of the purity walking against corruption which softens youth. Give to your beloved country the service of inestimable value by working and cooperating effectively to spread in souls more purity and innocence; there, you will make them more cautious, more vigilant, straighter, stronger, more generous.

Grace, the Queen of Angels, winner of the insidious snake, all pure, all of high purity, supports and directs your efforts in this crusade that you inspired!

It bless your banner and crown candid trophies of your wins!

We plead in this direction, for the name of her divine Son We grant you with all my heart the Apostolic Blessing to you and to all those who have joined and will join you in your courageous campaign.

Reference

Pius XII, Address to young girls of Catholic Action of Rome, members of the crusade of purity , May 22, 1941.

URL source : http://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/pt/cj5.htm#cm.

Pope Pius XII – Fashion Must Never Be an Occasion of Sin

The Church does not reprove or condemn a fashion when it is intended to be a fair decorum and adornment of the body. However, she never fails to warn the faithful against its easy deviations. This positive attitude of the Church derives from higher motives than the merely aesthetic and hedonist ends defended by a new paganism.

She knows and teaches that the human body, a masterpiece of God in the visible world at the service of the soul, was elevated by the Divine Redeemer to be a temple and instrument of the Holy Ghost, and must be respected as such.

Its beauty, therefore, should not be exalted as an end per se and still less as in a way that degrades that acquired dignity.

In point of fact, it is indisputable that, besides an honest fashion, there is another immoral one, which is a cause of disturbance – if not a stimulus to evil – to tranquil spirits.

It is always difficult to set out universal rules for the boundaries between honesty and immorality, since the moral evaluation of clothing relies on many factors. However, the alleged relativity of fashion regarding different times, places, persons and formations is not a valid reasont a priori not to issue a moral judgment about this or that fashion that transgresses the boundaries of a normal modesty.

Modesty, almost of itself, immediately sounds an alert to the presence of indecency and seduction, materialism and luxury – or even just frivolity. If the architects of the immoral fashions are skilfull in disguising perversion by mixing it with an ensemble of honest aesthetic elements, still more skilfull and quick is human sensuality to discover it and feel its fascination.

One who has sensitivity to discern the insidious character of evil should not be censured, as if this were an effect of an inner depravatity: on the contrary, such sensitivity is a sign of purity of spirit and vigilance over the passions.

No matter how broad and changeable the relative morals of fashion may be, when a danger is noticed,there is always an absolute norm to be maintained after having heard the admonition of conscience: fashion must never be a near occasion of sin.

REFERENCE: Pius XII, Allocution to the International Congress of High Fashion,
November 8, 1957, Petrópolis: Vozes, 1958, pp. 12-13.

Pope Pius XII – Nudity in sport, neither necessary nor appropriate

A Scientific Congress of Sport and Physical Education was held in Rome, 800 participants. 

Receiving them in his palace in Castel Gandolfo, the Holy Father spoke as follows:

(…) The Revelation thus teaches us about the body of the man of sublime truths, that the natural sciences and art are unable to discover for themselves, truths that give the body a new value and a higher dignity and therefore a higher motive to earn respect.

Sport and Gymnastics certainly have nothing to fear from these religious and moral principles properly applied; must not excluding some forms that are in opposition with respect told now.

Sound doctrine teaches to respect the body, but not in the estimate more than is fair. The principle is this: body care, effect of increase of the body, yes; body worship, deification of the body, not any more than the deification of race and blood with their somatic presuppositions or their components.

The body does not occupy humans first place; nor the earthly and mortal body, as it exists now, not the glorified body and spiritualized, as it will be one day. This is not the body, taken from the slime of the earth, belongs the primacy in the human compound, but in the spirit, the spirit soul.

No less important is also another fundamental rule contained in a passage of Scripture. Indeed, we read in the letter of St. Paul to the Romans: “I see in my members another law which opposes the law of my mind and makes me a slave to the law of sin which is in my members” ( Roman 7, 23).

One could describe more vividly the daily drama that is woven human life. The instincts and forces of the body are felt, and, stifling the voice of reason, outweigh the energy of goodwill since the day their full subordination to the spirit was lost by original sin.

In the use and intensive exercise the body must reflect this fact. Also there is a gym and a sport which, by their austerity, contribute to curb the instincts, and there are other forms of sport that awaken them, either by violent force, either by the seductions of sensuality .

From the aesthetic point of view also, for the pleasure of beauty, the admiration of rhythm in dance and gymnastics, instinct can insinuate its venom in souls.

He further there in sports and gymnastics, in rhythmic exercises and dance, some nudism is neither necessary nor appropriate. It is not without reason that a few decades an observer completely impartial had to admit: “What in this area interested in the mass, it is not the beauty of nudity, but the nakedness of beauty “. In such a way to practice gymnastics and sports, religious and moral sense vetoes.

In a word, sport and gymnastics should not control and dominate, but to serve and help. It is their function, and that’s where they find their justification. (…)

Reference

Pius XII, Address to physical education teachers , November 8, 1952, in documents of Pope Pius XII, 1952, p. 516-517.

Or cf. Source URL : http://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/pt/csb.htm#i4.

Pope Pius XII – Women are not to be slaves of Fashion

To mark the 25th anniversary of the founding of the Catholic Action of Italian girls came to ask his advice, the Holy Father addressed the following speech on the transformation of the social status of women in the modern world, the dangers it exposes him and training it requires.

(…) In faith, if it is a living faith, carry moral purity.

About the mystery of life and its natural sources must lead youth to holy thoughts, remembering that life is work of the Creator and recognizing that Christ has raised marriage to the dignity of a sacrament, and his remains in the womb of the Virgin sanctified motherhood and gave it such high praise.

From there you can deduce what should be the attitude strong, active, constant of the Catholic girl against publications and performances which did find audacious sensuality, intrigue and violations of marital fidelity, ambiguous words, when these are not impudent and provocative scenes.

To oppose to such events, at least in many cases, are at the same time a transgression wise laws of the state, there is always a powerful weapon: the absolute abstention.

If ever your work, your apostolate with youth, your zeal and prudence got this, you remporteriez a great victory that would crown your efforts to safeguard and the sanctity of marriage and thus for the good even in your country.

Educate therefore Catholic girlhood in this high and holy dignity which lies so strong and solid preservation of the physical and spiritual integrity. This virtuous and indomitable dignity and pride is a great price for the mind that does not let enslave; which reinforces the moral force of women, which, in its entirety, will give to her husband for the foundation of a family or to God; and sees its merit and glory in the supernatural and eternal vocation, as St. Paul already wrote to the first Christians: ” Empti estis pretio magno. Glorificate and portate Deum in corpore Vestro ” , “you were bought at a very high price. Therefore glorify God and wear it in your body “(1 Corinthians 6:20).

Dignity and freedom of the woman who is never done slave, not even in fashion ! This is a delicate subject, but urgent, where your relentless action promise of happy and beneficial success.

However, your zeal against clothes and immodest dress should not only be a condemnation, but a building practically showing the feminine world how a girl can harmonize well in his dress and behavior, the higher laws of virtue with standards of hygiene and elegance.

It is hoped that many of the Italian women, those in the least, and there are many, who are kept healthy thought and heart, will soon and will not hesitate to follow your example. (…)

Reference

Pius XII, Address to the young girls of Italian Catholic Action , April 24, 1943.

URL source http://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/pt/cle.htm#bk

Pope Pius XII – Some thoughts on fashion

See original french article.

Reference Pius XII Congress speech of the Latin Union couture , November 8, 1957.

Responding to the desire, the Pontiff received in special audience the participants in the first international high fashion Latin Union Congress and gave them specific instructions in a long speech in Italian, which this is the translation.

It is of great heart, that we wish you a fatherly welcome, dear son and daughters, promoters and members of the “Latin Union of high fashion.” You wanted to come to our presence for us to witness to your filial devotion and, at the same time to implore the heavenly favors of your Union, placing it from birth, under the auspices of the One, the glory that should tender all human activity, even those apparently profane, according to the precept of the apostle of the Gentiles: “whether you eat, whatever you drink is something else you do, do all to the glory of God” (1 Corinthians 10 , 31). You propose to deal with Christian views and intentions an issue as delicate as complex, including the inescapable moral implications were always an object of attention and anxiety among those to whom it belongs by function in the family in society and in the Church, to work to preserve the souls of the pitfalls of corruption and the whole community of the decay of morals: that is to say the problem of fashion, especially women. It’s just that your generous designs meet our gratitude and that of the Church; and our hope that your devout Union, born and inspired a healthy civil and religious conscience obtained through self-discipline enlightened craftsmen same fashion, the dual purpose stated in your statutes: moralize this important sector of public life and contribute to raising fashion to the rank of instrument and expression of true civilization. Desiring to encourage a laudable enterprise, We access to willingly We desire that was expressed to expose you some thoughts, especially on the real way of posing the problem and its moral, showing you the other some suggestions practices that ensure the Union a welcome authority in an often discussed whether field.

I. GENERAL ASPECTS OF FASHION On the advice of ancient wisdom that says the purpose of the things the supreme criterion of every theoretical judgment and safety of moral norms, it will be helpful to remember the goals that man is still fixed by using the garment. Undoubtedly, it obeys the three well-known requirements of hygiene, decency and propriety. These are three necessities so deeply rooted in nature, they can not be ignored or thwarted without causing revulsion and prejudice. They retain their character of necessity as now; they are found in almost all races; they are found in all forms of the wide range in which natural necessity clothing materialized historically and ethnographically. It is important to note the close interdependence and solidarity between the three requirements, although they arise from various sources: one from the physical side, the other on the spiritual side, the third of the psychological and artistic.

Three requirements suggest the need of the garment:

– hygiene … The hygienic requirements of the garment mainly climate, its variations and other external agents, as possible causes inconvenience or illness. It follows the interdependence referred to above that the reason, or better, the toilet is not valid pretext to justify a deplorable license, particularly in public and outside exceptional cases of real need; in these cases, moreover, a well-born mind will not evade the discomfort of a spontaneous disorder expressed externally by a natural blush. Similarly, a way of dressing harmful to health – including more than one example cited by the fashion history – can not be legitimized under pretext of aesthetics; as, on the other hand, the common rules of decency must yield to the demands of a medical cure, which, if it appears to violate, violating the contrary when adopting the necessary legal precautions.

– modesty … Equally obvious, as the origin and purpose of the garment, is the natural requirement of modesty, understood either in its broadest sense, which also includes the fair consideration for the sensitivities of others towards disgusting objects from view; is mainly for protection of moral honesty and shield against the disordered sensuality. The singular opinion that attributes the relativity of particular education sense of modesty; who even considers it a conceptual distortion of reality innocent, like a fake product of civilization and even as a stimulus to dishonesty and a source of hypocrisy, this view is not supported by any serious reason; it is, instead, an explicit condemnation in the repugnance that occurs in those who occasionally dared to adopt it as a system of life, confirming the correctness of common sense, as manifested in universal use. Modesty, given its strictly moral significance, whatever its origin, is based on the innate tendency and more or less conscious of everyone to defend against the general greed of others a good physical staff to book, with a prudent choice of circumstances, the wise purposes of the Creator, placed by him under the protection of chastity and chastity. This second virtue, modesty, the synonym “modesty” (from modus , measure, limit) perhaps expresses better the function to govern and dominate the passions, especially sensual, is the natural bulwark of chastity, its effective wall because it moderates acts closely connected with the very object of chastity. As his outpost, chastity heard his warning to man as soon as he acquires the age of reason, even before he learns the concept of chastity and its purpose, and she accompanied him throughout the life, requiring specific actions, honest with themselves, because divinely arranged, are protected by the discreet veil of shadow and the reserve of silence, as to reconcile respect for the dignity of their purposes high. It is therefore right that modesty, as depository of precious goods, claims for itself a leading authority on any trend or any other whim and governs the determination of ways to dress.

– the dignity of the person … And here is the third purpose clothing, including fashion shoots more directly originated; she responds to innate requirement felt particularly in women, give relief to the beauty and dignity of the person, with the same resources that cater to meet the other two. To avoid restricting the scope of this third requirement the only physical beauty and, even more, to avoid the phenomenon of fashion in the ardent desire of seduction as its first and only cause, the term dignity is better than that of ’embellishment. The concern for the dignity of his person obviously comes from nature and is therefore legitimate. By disregarding the use of clothing to hide physical imperfections, that the youth asked is what relief of glory, singing the joyful spring theme of life and facilitate, in harmony with the precepts of modesty, psychological premises necessary for the formation of new families; while the mature intends to obtain the appropriate attire a dignified appearance, serious and serene joy. In all cases where we seek to accentuate the moral beauty of the person, the cut of the garment is likely to overshadow almost physical beauty in the stark shadows where she hides, to divert her attention direction and focus instead on the thinking mind.

The clothing, the sentiments and manners. The suit, considered in this broader aspect, has its own multiform and efficient language, sometimes spontaneous, and therefore faithful interpreter of feelings and morals, sometimes conventional and artificial and therefore disingenuous. Anyway, it is given to clothing to express the joy and grief, authority and power, pride and simplicity, wealth and poverty, the sacred and the profane. The practical nature of forms of expression depends on the traditions and culture of a particular people, while their variation is even slower than the institutions, characters and feelings interpreted by these modes are more stable.

Reasons of the unstable mode. This is to give a relief to physical beauty that applies specifically fashion, ancient art, of uncertain origins, complicated by psychological and social factors that combine to, and which has now reached an indisputable importance in the life public or as aesthetic expression of manners, either as public desire and convergence notable economic interests. It follows from close observation of the phenomenon that fashion is not just a quirk of forms, but a meeting point of various psychological and moral factors, such as the taste for beauty and thirst for novelty, affirmation personality, refusal of monotony, no less than luxury, ambition, vanity. Fashion is elegance, certainly, but conditioned by a continuous change, so that its very instability makes it the most obvious mark. The reason for its ever-changing, slower in the fundamental lines, very fast however in high variations in seasonal become far seems to be sought in the concern to break the past, facilitated by the frantic nature of the contemporary era which has tremendous power to burn in no time all that is to the satisfaction of the imagination and senses. It is understandable that the new generations, strained to their own future – they dream different and better than their parents – feel the need to break away from these forms not only clothing, but of objects and ornaments, reminiscent more obviously a way of life that we want to exceed. But the extreme instability of this mode is mainly determined by the will of its artisans and guides, which to them means unknown in the past, such as huge and varied textile production, inventive fertility “designers”, the ease of the media and “launch” in the press, in film, in television and in shows and “shows”. The speed of change is further encouraged by a sort of mutual emulation which also is not new – between the “elites”, eager to affirm their personality by original forms of dress, and the public, appropriates immediately, with more or less successful imitations. One should not overlook the other subtle and decadent reason: the study of “designers” that to ensure the success of their “creations”, counting on the factor of seduction aware of the effect that cause surprise and continually renewed whim.

The economic factor. Another feature of today’s fashion is that, while remaining primarily an aesthetic fact, it has acquired the other hand the property of an economic element of great proportions. In some old high fashion couture houses, which in this or that city, dictated unchallenged laws of elegance in the world of European culture have replaced many organizations by powerful financial means, which, while satisfying the garment needs, form the taste of the people, stimulating desires in order to build ever larger markets. The causes of this change must be sought, first, in what is called the “democratization” of fashion, whereby a number ever wider individuals yield to the compelling attraction of elegance and, secondly, in technical progress that enables the mass production models, expensive otherwise, but now made easy acquisition in the market of so-called “confections”. Thus was created the world of fashion that includes artists and artisans, industrialists and merchants, publishers and critics, and in addition, a whole category of humble workers, who draw the fashion their livelihoods.

Social influence of the “designer” [Today: “fashion designer”]. Although the economic factor is the driving force of this business, the soul is always the “designer”, that is to say, one who by a great choice of fabrics, colors, the cut, the line and accessories ornaments, gives birth to a new expressive model that appeals to the general public. It is not necessary to say how difficult this art, the result of ingenuity and skill and, much more, of sensitivity to the taste of the moment. A model, which we are sure to see success, acquires the importance of an invention; it surrounds the secret waiting for the “launch”; thereafter, once sold, it gets high prices, while the media give it wide distribution, by talking as if it was an event of national interest. The influence of the “designers” is so decisive that the textile industry is itself guided by them in the organization of its own production, both for quality and for quantity. Great as is their social influence by their role to interpret public morals; because if fashion has always been the expression of the uses of a people, it is today even more than when the phenomenon was taking place as the fruit of reflection and study. But the formation of taste and preferences of the people and the orientation of the company towards the serious or decadent depend not only on the designers, but all the complex organization of fashion, especially workshops Sewing and criticism, in this more refined sector that has as customers the highest social classes, taking the “high fashion” as to describe the origin of the common people then follow almost blindly and as an obligation Magic. However, in the presence of values so many and so high that we have listed here quick allusions, which are challenged by fashion and sometimes endangered, the work appears providential people prepared technically and Christian, who intend to help overcome the fashion inadvisable trends; people who see it above all the art of knowing dressing, whose aim is, though partially, to put a moderate relief the beauty of the human body, a masterpiece of God’s creation, so, however, that is found not offended, but on the contrary exalted – as expressed the Prince of the apostles – “the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight” ( 1 Peter 3.4).

II. CONSIDERATIONS MORAL PROBLEM OF FASHION AND ITS SOLUTIONS Positive attitude of the Church against the moral issue of fashion. And it is precisely to reconcile, in a harmonious balance, the exterior ornament of the person with the interior decoration of a “gentle and quiet spirit”, that is the problem of fashion. But does it really exist – some ask – a moral problem about a fact also outside quota and relative that is fashion? And this allowed, in what terms the problem should it be asked, and what principles should it be solved? This is not the place for long deplored the insistence of more contemporary in the attempt to evade the moral domain outdoor activities of man, as if they belonged to another universe, as if the man was not itself the subject, the term and, therefore, the officer responsible to the supreme of all things. It is true that fashion and art, science, politics and similar activities, say secular, have their own rules to achieve immediate purposes for which they are intended; However, their subject is invariably the man, who can not avoid to tender these activities to the ultimate and supreme end, to which it is itself essentially and totally ordered. The moral problem of fashion is therefore not only generically as human activity, but more specifically as acting in a field in which are involved more or less directly obvious moral values; and, even more, because the goals, honest in themselves, fashion are more exposed to be obsessed by the perverse inclinations of human nature forfeited as a result of original sin, and changed in occasion of sin and scandal . This tendency of the corrupt nature to abuse fashion led ecclesiastical tradition to treat more than once warily and with harsh judgments, expressed badges preachers with vigorous firmness, and by zealous missionaries or with “setting fire of vanities”, which in accordance with custom and austerity of those times were estimated for effective eloquence to the people. Such manifestations of severity, which demonstrated deep maternal solicitude of the Church toward the good of souls and the moral values of civilization, however, not possible to deduce that Christianity almost requires absolutely renounce worship or care the individual and his external dignity. Anyone would conclude in this direction would demonstrate that he has forgotten what wrote the apostle of the Gentiles: “That women have a decent dress, trimmed with reserve and modesty” (1Timotée 2.9).

But fashion does not provide an occasion of sin. The Church therefore does not blame and do not condemn fashion, when it is intended to fair dignity and the right body adornment; However, it never fails to put the faithful on guard against its easy wanderings. This positive attitude of the Church derives from much higher grounds than purely aesthetic and hedonistic adopted by a return to paganism. She knows and teaches that the human body, a masterpiece of God in the visible world, which is at the service of the soul, was raised by the divine Redeemer to the temple of dignity and of the Holy Spirit and instrument must be respected as such. Its beauty should therefore not be exalted as an end in itself, let alone to degrade this dignity gained. On the concrete ground, it is indisputable that besides an honest way we find another impudent, disorder cause in reasonable minds, if not even incitement to evil. It is always difficult to indicate by universal rules the boundaries between honesty and indecency because the moral evaluation of a set depends on many factors; However, what is called the relativity of fashion with respect to time, place, people, education is not a reason to give up ” a priori ” to a moral judgment about a particular mode, when it exceeds the limits of normal modesty. It perceives immediately, almost without even being asked, where are the impudence and seduction, idolatry of matter and the luxury or just frivolity; and if the artisans of the immodest fashion are skilled in a sort of contraband perversion, by mixing it with a set of aesthetic elements, honest to themselves, human sensuality is unfortunately more clever to discover and ready to suffer the attraction. Very high sensitivity in the perception of the threat of evil, here as elsewhere, does not constitute a title of blame for him who is filled, as if it was only the effect of an inner depravity; rather it is a sign of purity of mind and alertness against passions. But so vast and moving may be the moral relativity of fashion, there is always an absolute save after listening to the warning of conscience who see the danger: fashion should never provide an opportunity close to sin.

What characterizes an immodest or immoral fashion. Among the objective elements that contribute to form a shameless fashion, there is first the bad intention of its artisans. When they propose to create their models, images and sensations devoid of chastity, they show, even without going to the extreme, a latent malignancy. They know, among others, that boldness in this matter can not be pushed beyond certain limits; but they also know that the effect sought is not far from them, and a clever blend of artistic and serious elements with other lower order are more likely to catch the imagination and meaning, as they make it acceptable model for people who want the same effect without compromising – at least, they think – their reputation for honest people. Any purification fashion must therefore begin with the intentions both in the one that makes the garment at the wearer; in one as in the other must be awakened awareness of their responsibilities towards fatal consequences that can derive from a too bold clothing, especially when worn on the street. Specifically, the immorality of certain modes depends mostly excessive immodesty as well as luxury. As for the first, which practically involve cutting, they should not be assessed according to the judgment of a society in decline or already corrupt; but according to the aspirations of a society that values the dignity and seriousness of public morals. We often used to say, and with a kind of inert resignation that fashion expresses the manners of a people; but it would be more accurate and more useful to say that it expresses the will and moral guidance intends to take a nation, namely shipwreck in the disruption or keep up that have high religion and civilization. The excesses of fashion are not less harmful, although in a different field, when assigning him the role of satisfying the thirst for luxury. Low deserves luxury, as a source of labor, is almost always offset by the serious disorders that derive from for the private and public life. Leaving aside the waste of resources that excessive luxury demands of its worshipers, intended mostly to be eaten by him, he always has the character of an insult to the honesty of one who lives his work, while that it reveals a spirit of cynicism towards poverty or denouncing too easy gains, either by sowing doubts about the conduct of life that which surrounds. Where conscience fails to moderate the use of riches, even honestly earned, terrible barriers stand between classes or is it all of society will drift, exhausted by the race to Utopia of material ease.

Principles for the solution of the moral problem of fashion. Having referred to the evils that dysregulation of fashion can cause to individuals and society does not mean the will to compress the expansive force or slow the creative inspiration of its authors nor of reduce the fixity of form, the monotony or a dark severity; but show him the right way, so that it reaches the goal of being a faithful interpreter of civil and Christian tradition. To achieve this, certain principles will serve as benchmarks for the solution of the moral problem of fashion; it is easy to deduce more concrete rules.

1. – Be aware of the real influence of fashion. The first is not to give too much importance to the influence of the same mode as in the good in evil. The language of clothing, as we have already indicated, is all the more effective it is more common and understood by anyone. The company speaks, as it were, by the clothing she wears; by clothing, she reveals her secret aspirations and she uses him, at least in part, to build or destroy his future. But the Christian, he is author or customer, keep neglecting the dangers and spiritual ruins sown by immodest fashions, especially in public, because of the consistency that must exist between the professed doctrine and the same external behavior . He will remember the high purity that the Redeemer demands of his disciples, even in looks and in thoughts; and it will also recall the severity manifested by God against the scandal mongers. In this regard, one may recall the vigorous page of the prophet Isaiah, which is prophesied opprobrium reserved for the holy city of Zion to immorality of his daughters (Isaiah 3.16 to 24) and the other where the sublime poet Italian expressed by the burning words, his indignation against indecency that spread to his city (see Dante, Purgatory , 23, 94-108.).

2. – Do not blindly follow fashion, but strongly react when consciousness asks. The second principle is that fashion should be disciplined and not abandoned to the whim or slavishly followed. This applies to the Fashion – designers and critics – that consciousness request not to submit blindly to the depraved taste that can express society, or rather a part of it, which is not always the most worthy consideration for his wisdom. But it also has value for individuals, whose dignity demands that they are freed, for a free and enlightened conscience, imposition of tastes determined especially questionable in the moral domain. Disciplining fashion also means to react firmly against the currents opposed to the best traditions. Control over does not invalidate mode, but rather corroborates the saying “fashion is not born without and against society”, provided ascribed to it, as it should, conscience and autonomy its own direction.

3. – If guided by the sense of moderation. The third principle, even more concrete, is respect for the “measure” that is to say of moderation throughout the field of fashion. If excesses are the main causes of deformation, moderation will retain its value. It will be foremost on the minds, setting the yearning for luxury, ambition, capricious at all costs. Fashion artisans will be guided by the sense of moderation, especially the “designers” drawing the line or cut and choosing a dress ornaments, convinced that sobriety is the best quality of art . Without in any return to forms outdated by time – which, however, come back more than once as a novelty in fashion – but only to confirm the permanent value of sobriety, we would like to invite artists today to contemplate, in the masterpieces of classical art, some female figures of unquestionable aesthetic value, where the garment, inspired by the Christian modesty, is a worthy ornament of the person, with the beauty of which melts as a unique triumph of admirable dignity.

III. SPECIAL SUGGESTIONS TO SPONSORS AND MEMBERS OF THE UNION And now a few specific suggestions for you, dear son and daughters, as promoters and members of the “haute couture Latin Union.” It seems to us that the very term “Latin”, whereby you are held to designate your association, expresses not only a geographical sphere, but mainly the ideal orientation of your action. Indeed, the term “Latin”, so rich in high meanings, seems to express, among others, acute sensitivity and respect for the values of civilization and, at the same time, the sense of the “measure” of balance and realism, all necessary qualities to members of your Union. We noted with satisfaction that the characters have inspired the goals of your articles, you courteously subject to our knowledge, and are the result of a complete picture of the complex problem of fashion, but especially your firm conviction of its moral responsibilities. Your program is as wide as the problem itself, in all sectors decisive fashion: the female environment, directly, with the intention of guiding the formation of taste and choice of clothing; houses “creative fashion” and the textile industry so that in mutual agreement, they adapt their production to healthy principles professed by the Union. And as your Union consists of organizations, not just spectators, but act and would say we almost are pioneers in the field of fashion, the program also deals with, appropriately, the economic aspect, now made more difficult by the changes planned production and unification of European markets.

Form a healthy taste among the public. One of the prerequisites for achieving the goals of your Union is the formation of a healthy taste among the public. arduous task, indeed, sometimes intentionally resisted, it requires you a lot of intelligence, tact and patience. Face it, after all, with boldness, with the assurance of finding good allies first in the great Christian family, your country still has many. Clearly, for this purpose, you must apply mainly to conquer your cause those who, through the press and other media, direct public opinion. In fashion, more than any other activity, the people want to be guided. Not that he is uncritical in fact aesthetic and honesty, but sometimes too docile and sometimes lazy to use this option, it hosts the outset what is offered to him, even going account later mediocrity or the impropriety of some models. This requires that your action is timely. Moreover, among those who guide now with the most efficient public taste, a prominent place is occupied by famous people, especially those from the world of theater and cinema. As their responsibility is severe, your share will be fruitful if you manage to win at least some of the good cause.

Reacting against modern mind says, indifferent to the moral aspect of fashion . A feature your Union seems to be the serious study of the aesthetic and moral issues of fashion in periodic meetings like this congress, tends more and more international, convinced as you are that the method of future will have a unitary character in each continent. Apply you to bring in these meetings the Christian contribution of your intelligence and your experience with a convincing wisdom such that nobody can suspect at home or partial prejudices and weak compromise. The solid line with your principles will be tested by modern mind says, which supports brake point and the same indifference of many with regard to the moral side of fashion. The most insidious fallacies, which are usually repeated to justify fornication, appear to be the same everywhere. One of these is based on the old saying ab assuetis non fit passio , to present as outdated healthy rebellion against the honest people too bold patterns. Is it necessary to show how the old saying is moved to such a question. We have already alluded, talking absolute limits to save the relativism of fashion, the lack of foundation of another equally false opinion that modesty does not give longer to the contemporary era, now freed from unnecessary and harmful scruples. Certainly there are different degrees of public morality according to the times, characters and civilization conditions of each people; but this fact does not invalidate the obligation to strive for the ideal of perfection, nor is reason enough to abandon the moral heights reached, manifested precisely in the greater sensitivity that have consciences against evil and its pitfalls. Whether your Union is committed passionately in this struggle, which aims to ensure public morals of your homeland an ever higher level of morality, worthy of its Christian traditions. It’s no coincidence that we call “struggle” your work to moralize mode, as is a struggle as any other business that wants to restore the spirit dominance over matter. Considered each in particular, they are distinct and significant episodes! the harsh and perpetual struggle that must support this earth anyone who is called to freedom by the Spirit of God; a fight which the apostle of the Gentiles describes with accuracy inspired forehead and opposing forces: “The desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and those of the spirit against the flesh. They are opposed to each other, to prevent you from doing what you have solved “(Galatians 5:17). then listing the works of the flesh, in a sort of sad inventory of the inheritance of original sin, it also mentions the impurity, which he opposes, as a fruit of the Spirit, modesty. Commit yourself generously and with confidence, never let you stop by shyness, which sent word to few but heroic troops of the great Judas Maccabaeus “How can we so few fight against a multitude so great? “(1 Macchabée 3.17). The response of this great soldier of God and the homeland encourage you: “Win a battle does not depend on the number of soldiers; because it is the sky that comes strength “( ibid., 19). It is with this certainty based on the sky as we say goodbye to you, my son and daughters; We raise our supplication and prayers to the Almighty, that he deigns to provide assistance to your Union and its thanks to each of you, to your families and, in particular, to the humble workers of fashion. In pledge of heavenly favors, We give you from my heart Our paternal Apostolic Blessing.

Reference Pius XII Congress speech of the Latin Union couture , November 8, 1957.

URL sources : http://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/es/cp3.htm#nkhttp://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/es/cp3.htm#nmhttp://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/es/cp4.htm#nohttp://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/es/cp4.htm#nr

Pope Pius XII – Fashion and modesty should go together

Translated from original french

On 6 October [1940], about 20,000 girls belonging to the Italian Catholic Action Youth women gathered in San Damaso courtyard to offer their gifts to the Pope and receive his blessing.

Deeply moved, the Supreme Pastor lavished vibrant meeting its guidance and encouragement in the speech here:

(…)

4. – linen altar, altar cloths, these fine works are pure white out of your hands; pure white they will serve the holy mysteries that bear no impure contact. Look at the altar and tabernacle: one fully covered with a linen tablecloth falling on both sides; another veiled the tabernacle veil.

So who so piously clothed the altar and the house of Jesus Christ, always remember that you carry God in you by the grace that takes your soul; remember that this divine presence is not only your soul, but your body a holy temple.

“Do not you know, wrote the apostle Paul in his first letter to the Corinthians, that your bodies are members of Christ? … Do you not know that your members are the temple of the Holy Spirit, dwells in you, you belong on the part of God, without you belong to yourselves  ? ” (1 Cor 6,15 and 19)

Conscious thought of this divine indwelling, this incorporation into Christ, has created and developed over the centuries among peoples obedient to the Gospel a religious respect for the body which results in a set of human understanding, ways, maintenance, words wisely adjusted and measured: modesty.

And from the beginning of the Church the same apostle wanted women portassent the veil in sacred meetings and say therefore to the Corinthians:

“Judge therefore for yourselves: is it appropriate for a woman to pray uncovered head … It is an honor for the woman to maintain her hair;? because the hair was given to him by way of sailing . ” (1 Cor 11,13 and 15)

You recorded this year at the top of your projects and your initiatives the great crusade of purity, the purity of which is the guardian of modesty. As nature has every creature instinct that pushes the door and to defend his own life and the integrity of its members and the conscience and grace does not destroy but perfects nature, infuse in souls as meaning that puts them in vigilant guard against the dangers that threaten their purity.

This is especially characterized by the Christian girl. We read in the Passion of Saints Perpetua and Felicity, properly viewed as one of the most precious jewel of ancient Christian literature, that when in the amphitheater of Carthage martyr Perpetua Vibia thrown into the air by a cow very fierce fell into the arena, her first care and her first act was to adjust her tunic, which was torn on the side to cover the even more attentive to the modesty that pain pudoris potius memor quam doloris .

… and modesty.

Fashion and modesty should well go and walk together as sisters since both words have the same root, the Latin modus which means just measure, below and beyond which can be just or reasonable (Horace , Sermones [Satires] I, 1, 106-107).

But modesty is out of fashion! Like those poor lunatics who, having lost the instinct of preservation and the notion of danger, throw themselves into the fire or into rivers, many feminine souls, forgetful in their ambitious vanity of Christian modesty run miserably au to the dangers that their purity can be killed. They suffer the tyranny of fashion, even immodest, in such a way that they seem not even suspect impropriety ; they lost the same sense of danger, the instinct of modesty.

Help these unfortunate to regain consciousness of their duties will be your apostolate, your crusade in the middle of the world: “Let your modesty appear to all eyes” (Philippians 4.5).

Your apostolate will be primarily by example. It will be for your beloved President, your ruling sages teach you how, before making a garment you need to ask your awareness of how the judge Jesus Christ; to warn you before accepting an invitation, you need to consider if your invisible and heavenly guardian angel will follow you like go without covering the face of its wings. They will tell you which shows, which companies, which beaches you should avoid; they show you how a young woman can be modern, cultured, athletic, graceful, natural and distinction, without bending at all the vulgarities of an unhealthy fashion, maintaining a face that ignores devices like the soul which it reflects,

In defense, generously active, your purity, we recommend above all prayer and in a special way the worship of the Holy Eucharist and of the Immaculate Virgin to which you are devoted.

In the Eucharist you will find God who is purity itself, because He is infinite perfection when He gives to you. It pleases us to repeat the words of the prophet – as “the elected wheat and wine that germinates virgins” (Zechariah 9:17), our Lord “who is the brightness of eternal light and the mirror without blemish” (Wisdom 7.26) purifies your soul and its faculties, your body and senses. The more a creature comes to God and unites with Him, the more it is pure: the more it aspires to the purity, the more it tends towards the infinitely pure.

When the Word incarnate and would be born of a woman, he cast his eyes on the most ideally perfect creature; a child in the grace of her virginity. After this grace that came to add, by a single miracle, that of the divine motherhood, she appeared in a sublime beauty that artists, poets, saints ardently tried, but always in vain, to to portray.

The Church and the angels greet the names of Queen and Mother; securities whose piety of the faithful has surrounded his forehead like a diadem with a thousand lights or rays are innumerable. But of all these names and fame, it is one that is particularly dear to him and that is enough to designate the Virgin.

May the Virgin of virgins, Mary, Queen of the Most Holy Rosary, be your model and your strength, all your Catholic youth life and especially in your crusade of purity.

With this wish and as a token of her maternal protection and more abundant divine graces, from my heart We give you, and also to persons, works, the holy companies for which you requested, Our Apostolic Blessing.

Reference

Pius XII, Address to young girls of Catholic Action , October 6, 1940.

URL source http://www.clerus.org/bibliaclerusonline/pt/cjr.htm#g4

Combat indecent Fashions, Pope Benedict XV, 1919

Translated from its original french

Reference

Pope Benedict XV, ”  Addressing the Mission of Women in Society”, to a delegation of the Union of Catholic Women, October 21, 1919, inActs of Benedict XV, Volume II, House of Good Press, Paris, 1926 , p. 69-70.

(…) We must hasten, however, to We congratulate the resolution we just made, you will ensure that Catholic women feel obliged to not only be honest, but to prove his honesty by way of dressing. Such resolution recalls the need for the Catholic woman to set a good example.

What serious and urgent duty to condemn the exaggerations of-fashion! Born from the corruption of those who launch them, as noted earlier the dignified President of the Union of Catholic Women, these toilets are unseemly, alas one of the most powerful ferment of the general corruption of morals.

We believe it necessary to insist in a special way on this. We know, on the one hand, some admitted today toilets in women are fatal to the good of society as they are an evil provocation to evil; and, secondly, we are filled with wonder, amazement, seeing that those who pay the poison seem to ignore the disastrous effects that the arsonist who set fire to the house seems to ignore the devastation of power .

Ignorance alone can explain the deplorable extension taken today by a fashion so contrary to modesty, the most beautiful ornament of the Christian woman; better informed, it seems to us that a woman could never have come to this excess wear indecent dressing into the holy place, under the gaze of natural masters and the most authoritative of Christian morality.

Also, with what satisfaction-We support the adherent of the Union of Catholic women have enrolled in their program to show the resolution even honest in their implementation. Through this commitment they meet the strict duty not to give scandal and not to be for others a stumbling block in the path of virtue; they testify, moreover, have understood that their mission having taken a large extent in society, it is their responsibility to set a good example not only within the walls of the domestic hearth, but in the streets and public squares. It is important that Catholic women accept logically this important task: it requires them, in addition to individual bonds, a social mission.

We also wish that the many-adherent of the Union of Catholic Women met today in Our presence together form a league to combat indecent modes, not just regarding them, but in all persons or families on which their influence can be exercised effectively.

The Christian mother should never, of course, allow her daughters to give in to the false demands of a reprehensible fashion; but it will not be superfluous to add that the wife of a higher social rank is strictly bound not to tolerate among its visitors toilet immodesty. A notice about prevent the return of Celtic bold lack of reserve that violates human well understood hospitality. And perhaps the echo of this blame, opportunely arriving at others somewhat attentive, creative accomplices unseemly ways, ‘he would have the courage not to dishonor wearing these indecent toilets or other like that wise hostess will reprobate without hesitation.

We believe this league against the deregulation of fashion can only find welcome among fathers, husbands, brothers, and all the activists courageous parents. We would, in any case, that are working to promote and spread the best sacred pastors and all the priests who have charge of souls, where fashion has crossed the limits of modesty … and she has crossed in many areas!

But our voices are heard mainly from you, very dear daughters, who have now expressed your resolution to be apostles in the midst of the world.

Do not believe, however, that the example only promotes the educational work that accrues directly to the woman in the family and outside it; Christian courage, which gives life to the example of the woman in the corrupt environment of our time and stands up to the overflow indecent modes, further facilitating the mission of the woman in the middle of society. Also popular language itself he expresses a saying common sense when he says that “virtue is necessary.” (…).

Letter on immodesty of fashion – by mandate of Pope Pius XII

Letter on immodesty of fashion,   written by Cardinal Ciriaci, Prefect of the SC of the Council addressed 15 August 1954 to bishops around the world, in the name and by mandate of Pope Pius XII

Everyone knows that during the summer especially , we see here and there, things that can not fail to offend the eyes and souls of those who do not take second place or do not completely despise Christian virtue and human decency. Not only on the beaches or in the resorts , but almost everywhere , even in the streets of towns and villages, in private and public places , and often almost in temples consecrated to God , spreads unworthy and unseemly fashion apparel … in particular, women’s clothing are sometimes as they seem to favor rather immorality that modesty .

It has come to the point that everything that happens or is exhibited in private life or in public, actually depravity or of dishonesty , is narrated brazenly in the newspapers, publications and magazines of all kinds ; while in the countless theaters that are exposed for all to see on the screen; so that not only the weak and carefree youth, but middle age itself are deeply impressed by these immoral shows , bad for healthy minds. WHAT HURTS ARISING THEREFROM, TO WHAT THEY EXHIBIT HAZARDS, IT IS IN PERSON DOES RENDE ACCOUNT “.

Having served as nuncio to Portugal, as per was the custom, Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prassede in the consistory of 12 January 1953. Ciriaci was made Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Council on 20 March 1954, and President of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law on 31 May 1955.

Pius XII, Full Address to young girls of Catholic Action of Rome, members of the crusade of purity

 Finally, the entire speech has been found! Unfortunately it is in French, and google translate is pretty loose, so bear with us. Here is the original.

ADDRESS TO GIRLS OF CATHOLIC ACTION ROME MEMBERS OF PURITY CRUSADE

(May 22, 1941 J1

Female youth of Italian Catholic Action has undertaken in 1940, in Italy, a “crusade of purity” against the immorality of fashion, the Holy Father congratulated the delegation of 3,000 members and their reminded Christian principles which should govern the female attire and attitude that must have Christian girls in front of immorality.

Our joy is intense, dear daughters, bless you again in the holy “crusade of purity “you have so opportunely business and you courageously continue under the powerful protection of the Virgin most pure, Mary immaculate.

the” crusade of purity “

The worthy and happy crusade name you have chosen and taxed at your beautiful big campaign features a brilliant cross, salvation beacon for the world, and evokes the glorious historical memories of the Crusades of the Christian peoples, the holy expeditions and battles under the sacred flags for the conquest of the holy places and to defend Catholic countries against invasions and threats of unbelievers. You also hear defend a Catholic area, the land of purity, there conquer and keep those that read like a cloud charged with the aroma of Christ forth fragrance in families, gatherings of friends, streets, assemblies, performances, public and private entertainment.

This is a crusade against the enemies of Catholic morality, against the perils create calmly current morality of the powerful waves peoples of immorality that lead through the streets of the world and invade all social classes.

necessitated by the current immorality

Today such a danger exists everywhere, the Church is not only to tell. Even among foreign men to the Christian faith, the most far-sighted and more concerned with the public good in denouncing the high spirits terrible threats to the social order and the future of nations. These excitations to uncleanness that multiply currently poisoning the roots of life, while the brake of evil is further weakened by the indulgence, we would call a better negation of part of more wider public consciousness that shows blind in front of the most reprehensible moral disorders.

This immorality is it more today than other previous eras? It might be unwise to assert, in any case, this is an idle question. Already the author of 1 “Eccle-siastic” wrote this warning: “Do not say, how is it that the former days were better than these? because such a question is silly. All things are difficult. What has been is what will be, and what is done is what will be done; and there is nothing new under the sun “( Ecclesiastes 7.11 i Ecclesiastes 8-10 ).

The life of man on earth – even in Christian centuries – is always a battle. We need to save our souls and those of our brethren in our time, and now the danger is certainly bigger because the devices that excite passions Extraordi-nairement increased, while at other times they were confined restricted circles. The progress of the press, cheap books like luxury books, photographs, illustrations, art prints of all kinds and of all colors and all costs, cinemas, variety shows and a hundred other ways misleading secrets and spread the attractions of evil, and put them in the hands of all, great and small, women and girls. Is there not a way that spreads to everyone, bold and unbecoming to a young girl raised in a Christian? The movie does not he do attend performances that once took refuge in enclosures where they would never have dared set foot?

In the face of these dangers, the government has taken several

countries of legislative or administrative measures to stem the flood of immorality. But in the area of customs, the external action of the authorities, even the most powerful, praiseworthy, useful and necessary as it is, will never succeed in getting these alone sincere and wholesome fruits that heal the souls on which must operate a more powerful force.

… in many areas.

The Church needs to work on souls, and service of Catholic Action, your action, in unity and under the direction of the ecclesiastical hierarchy, fighting the perils of misconduct in all areas that are open to you: in the fashion, apparel and clothing, hygiene and sport, in the field of social relations and entertainment. Your weapons are your word and your example, your kindness and your support, weapons as evidenced from others and make possible and commendable behavior that honors you and honors your business.

We do not we propose to retrace here the sad picture too known disorders that present themselves to you: if tight clothing or as they seem made for rather put more into relief what they should veil; sports parts that unfold under conditions of clothes, exhibition and camaraderie, irreconcilable with the modesty even less demanding; dances, shows, interviews, readings, artwork, ornaments, where the desire of entertainment and fun accumulates the most serious dangers. Instead, we wish to remember and put before you the principles of the Catholic faith in these matters, should inform your judgment, guide your conduct and your not, inspire and support your spiritual struggle.

For it is a struggle it is. The purity of the living souls of supernatural grace is preserved or never retain without a fight. Blessed are you have received in your families, at the dawn of your life, from the cradle, with baptism, a higher life, the divine life. unconscious children a great gift and a great happiness, then you have not had to fight – as more mature souls less fortunate than you – to conquer such a high good; but you yourselves do not retain it without struggle.

If the purifying and sanctifying grace that has reconciled with God as daughters of adoption and heirs of heaven in your soul has erased the original sin, it has nonetheless left you sad legacy of Adam, who is this internal imbalance, the fight felt that even the great apostle Paul who, while taking delight in the law of God after the inward man, saw its members another law of sin ( Rom 7.22 to 23) Law passions and disordered inclinations, who never let themselves fully tame, and with which, allied to the flesh and the world conspires an angel of Satan, the temptations molest souls. This is the war that book between spirit and flesh so openly attested by Divine Revelation that with the exception of the Blessed Virgin it is futile to imagine a life that can be both pure and lived without vigilance and without a fight. Give not believe in the illusion of your soul insensible to excitations, invincible to the attractions and dangers. It is true that the habit often succeeds in making mind less susceptible to such impressions, especially when it is hijacked, absorbed in its forces by the exercise of higher professional or intellectual activity. But imagine that all souls, so prone to passions can get unresponsive to stimuli caused by the images, colorful attractions of pleasure, stir and hold on the attention they would assume and believe that the malignant complicity these perilous instigations found in the instincts of the fallen human nature and disorderly can never stop or decrease.

… that the action of the “crusade” aims to support.

This inevitable fight, you will accept courageously and Christian. The purpose of your joint action can not be to remove it completely, but it should aim to get that necessary spiritual battle is not made for more difficult and perilous souls by external circumstances, the atmosphere in which hearts who suffer the assaults must support and continue. On the battlefields of the Church, or compete virtue and vice, you will always meet some characters whom God gave a fearless temper heroic. Supported by grace, they will leave no shake or hit by no pulse; they know openly maintained without corruption and pure amidst the filth that surrounds them, they were a good sourdough fermentation and regeneration for the many souls – redeemed, too, by the blood of Christ – which mass around them. Therefore, the purpose of your struggle is that Christian purity, salvation condition for souls becomes less difficult for all people of goodwill, so that the temptations born of external contingencies, do not exceed the limits of this resistance that ‘with the grace of God, poor force of many souls is able to oppose.

To achieve resolutions as holy and righteous as it is necessary to act on the environment and the flow of ideas that can influence effectively enough common action, so that individual and isolated action has limited or no effectiveness. If Unity makes strength, only a compact group and as many as possible of spirits resolved Christians and without fear, know where their conscience speaks and demands, shake off the yoke of some social, freedom from tyranny stronger today than ever, modes of all kinds, clothing patterns, patterns in the customs and social relationships.

Christian fashion design.

The method has, in itself, nothing bad. It arises spontaneously from human sociability, following the impulse which inclines to be in harmony with others and with the habits of people among which were live. God does not ask you to live out your time to stay indifferent to the demands of fashion as to make yourself ridiculous by dressing against taste and common uses of your contemporary, and never worry about it they like. So Pangélique Aquinas he says that in external things which man used no vice but the vice comes from the man who wears outrageously compared to the uses those with whom he lives, distinguishing itself in a strange way with others,

2 IheoL Summa, IIa Hae, q. 169, s. 1.

virtue in feminine adornment when it conforms to the use, according to the state of the person and a good intention. When women wear decent ornaments in keeping with their status and dignity when they follow in this measure with the customs of their country, then adorn themselves is also an act of the virtue of moderation that prints a measured approach , attitude, clothing and all the outer movements. 3

Attitude control that girls

In the attitude to adopt towards fashion, under the stars balance. What God asks you is to remember always that fashion is not and can not be the supreme rule of your conduct, that above fashion and its requirements, there are higher and imperious laws , upper and immutable principles which in any case can not be sacrificed at the discretion of pleasure or caprice, and before whom the idol of fashion should know lowering his omnipotence fugitive. These principles were proclaimed by God through the Church, by the saints and holy, by reason and Christian morality. These are signals that mark the limits beyond which do not flower lilies and roses, where purity, modesty, dignity and honor women not exhale their perfume, but where and reign breath unhealthy air of lightness, ambiguous language, daring vanity, conceit in the heart as well as in clothing. These are the principles that St. Thomas Aquinas states and recalls affecting the toilet of women 4 indicating what should be the order of our charity and our affections: the good of our soul outweighs that of our body, and we prefer to the advantage of our own bodies the good of the soul of our neighbor 5. So do not you see that there is a limit that no form of fashion may help overcome a limit beyond which fashion is a source of ruin for the soul of the woman and for the souls of others? conceit in the heart as well as in clothing. These are the principles that St. Thomas Aquinas states and recalls affecting the toilet of women 4 indicating what should be the order of our charity and our affections: the good of our soul outweighs that of our body, and we prefer to the advantage of our own bodies the good of the soul of our neighbor 5. So do not you see that there is a limit that no form of fashion may help overcome a limit beyond which fashion is a source of ruin for the soul of the woman and for the souls of others? conceit in the heart as well as in clothing. These are the principles that St. Thomas Aquinas states and recalls affecting the toilet of women 4 indicating what should be the order of our charity and our affections: the good of our soul outweighs that of our body, and we prefer to the advantage of our own bodies the good of the soul of our neighbor 5. So do not you see that there is a limit that no form of fashion may help overcome a limit beyond which fashion is a source of ruin for the soul of the woman and for the souls of others?

… who need to know the temptations they may cause.

Some girls may say that so determined to dress is more convenient and also more hygienic; but if

3 St. Thomas, Expositio in Isaiam prophetam, c. III in fine.

4 Summa Theol., IIa Hae, q. 169, s. 2.

5 Ibid., IIa Hae, q. 26, s. 4-5.

becomes for the salvation of the soul and a serious threat next, she certainly is not hygienic for your mind and it is your duty to give it up. The desire to save their souls made heroic martyrs, such as Agnes and Cecilia, amid torments and lacerations their virginal body. You, sisters in faith in Christ’s love and esteem of virtue, you would not find in your heart of hearts the courage and strength to sacrifice a bit of well-being, a physical advantage, if we want to keep healthy and pure life of your souls? If, for simple personal enjoyment, no one has the right to endanger the personal lives of others, is not it even less possible to compromise the salvation, so the very life of their souls? If, as some claim, a bold fashion produces no bad impression on them, that they know the impression that others are feeling? Which insures that the others do not pull the wrong incentives? You do not know the background of human frailty nor what corrupted blood runs off the wounds left in human nature by Adam’s sin with ignorance in intelligence, malice in the will, greed and fun weakness in respect of the property difficult in the passions of the senses to the point that man, soft as wax for evil, “sees what is best and approval, and attaches the worst” 6 because of this weight that always, like lead, leads to the bottom. Oh !

Advice for Christian mothers …

What we do not hesitate to add: O Christian mothers, if you knew what a future of anxieties and internal dangers, harm repressed doubts, bad contained shames you prepare your son and your daughters, by accustoming them recklessly to live barely covered, making them lose the delicate sense of modesty, you blush of yourselves and you redouteriez shame you made to yourselves and the harm you cause these children that heaven has entrusted to you to raise them as Christians. And what we say to mothers, we repeat many of believing women

6 See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 7, 20-21.

and even pious who, by agreeing to attend such bold fashion, are falling by their example the last hesitations that hold a lot of sisters away from this mode that will become for them a source of spiritual ruin. As long as certain provocative toilets remain the dubious notoriety and women of privilege as a sign that makes them recognize, we do not dare to adopt for himself. But when these toilets appear worn by people above all suspicion, we do not hesitate to go with the flow, a current that may cause the worst falls.

and members of the “crusade.”

If he agrees that all Christian women have the courage to get in front of such serious moral responsibilities, you, dear girls, because of this strong feeling that you tapped into your faith and candor of virtue, you have glory of you being united paladines purity, in your holy crusade. Isolated, your boldness would be of little value in opposing the invasion of the evil that surrounds you; closely united and framed, you will be strong enough and powerful legion to impose respect for the rights of Christian modesty. Your sense of young Catholics, meaning refined and supported by the wisdom of faith and conscious practice of a solidly pious life, you will see and discern, in the light of the Spirit of God, with the help of his grace obtained through prayer and also with the help of advice requested those that Jesus Christ has placed as guides and teachers at your side, which, in the modes in the uses and the social conventions that arise to you, is fully acceptable, which is only tolerable, which is totally unacceptable. The clear knowledge and deeply felt your job make you brave and loyal in mutual support, to accomplish it without hesitation, but with a resolution worthy of your youthful ardor. which is totally unacceptable. The clear knowledge and deeply felt your job make you brave and loyal in mutual support, to accomplish it without hesitation, but with a resolution worthy of your youthful ardor. which is totally unacceptable. The clear knowledge and deeply felt your job make you brave and loyal in mutual support, to accomplish it without hesitation, but with a resolution worthy of your youthful ardor.

Belle is the virtue of purity and smooth grace that shines not only in fact but also in speech that never oversteps the bounds of propriety and politeness and seasoning love the advice and warning . The chaste generation is also bursting with grace before God and before men. In the days of trial, suffering, sacrifice and austere duties which we are, it is not afraid to go up all his power at the height of the serious obligations under Providence. Today, dear daughters, the crusade for you is not in the sword, blood or martyrdom, but in the example, speech and exhortation. Against your energies and your designs stands, as a key enemy, the demon of impurity and the license of manners. Raise your head high to heaven, where Christ and the Immaculate Virgin, his Mother, watching you. Be strong and unyielding in fulfilling your duty as Christians. Take the defense of the purity walking against corruption which softens youth. Give to your beloved country the service of inestimable value by working and cooperating effectively to spread in souls more purity and innocence; there, you will make them more cautious, more vigilant, straighter, stronger, more generous. Give to your beloved country the service of inestimable value by working and cooperating effectively to spread in souls more purity and innocence; there, you will make them more cautious, more vigilant, straighter, stronger, more generous. Give to your beloved country the service of inestimable value by working and cooperating effectively to spread in souls more purity and innocence; there, you will make them more cautious, more vigilant, straighter, stronger, more generous.

Pray that the Queen of Angels, winning the insidious snake, all pure, all of high purity, supports and directs your efforts in this crusade that you inspired! It bless your banner and crown candid trophies of your wins! We plead in this direction, for the name of her divine Son We grant you with all my heart the Apostolic Blessing to you and to all those who have joined and will join you in your courageous campaign.

PRAYER IN HONOR OF SAINT EUGENE I 2er 0 POPE

(May 31, 1941) 1

The Holy Father composed this prayer on the occasion of the feast of its patron, St. Eugene.

O Jesus, Supreme Pontiff of the new and eternal Testament, who are sitting at the right hand of God as our perpetual lawyer who’re enjoying stay down here every day, from century to century, with your beloved wife, the Church, and with your Vicar who governs, You, divine Prince of pastors of your flock deign to glorify the See of Peter and your servant Pope Eugene and amid the perversity of time, make it soft from the onslaught of enemies, firm in defense of the faith, benevolent father and vigilant master in his pastoral function. That by his merits, which are your grace and glory, you grant a sympathetic ear to his intercession with you and exauciez Our prayer. Thy kingdom come, O immortal King of the ages; that reaches up the ends of the earth the truth that you have given us from heaven and qu’enflamme all hearts the fire that you have longed to see light in the world. Such is the anguish that grips the paternal heart of your Vicar, the anguish of the reconciliation of men with you, fear of truth and goodness in souls, the anguish comfort for the tears of so many as mothers and children, the anxiety of harmony and forgiveness among the people, the anxiety of justice and peace. Brighten your Vicar, O Jesus, comfort him in his pain and his concern for the world, renewing it in the spirit of the holy priest who intercedes for him with you. Say, O Lord, this powerful word that changes minds; transform hatred into the love; refrénez the fury of the passions of men; soften the sufferings and dry the tears unhappy; Grow virtue and resignation of families; pacify the nations and peoples; so that the Church founded by Peter on to gather all peoples around your altar of life and salvation, invoke you, love you and exalts you in peace for centuries and centuries. So be it. 2 you love and exalts you in peace for centuries and centuries. So be it. 2 you love and exalts you in peace for centuries and centuries. So be it. 2

2 The Holy Apostolic Pémtencene, the approached St. Eugene, conceded indulgences to the following customary conditions to the faithful who devoutly recite the above prayer: 1) A partial indulgence of 500 days each; 2) a plenary indulgence once a month for which the recite each day during the entire month.

SPEECH AT SACRED COLLEGE ON THE OCCASION OF THE FEAST OF SAINT EUGENE

1 “(June 1941) 1

Responding to the greeting party which were presented by the Dean of the Sacred College surrounded him twenty cardinals, the Pope announced that he will send to the world a paging message to celebrate the Encyclical’s anniversary “Rerum Novarum”,

the feast of Pentecost.

The Church today celebrates the great feast of the descent of the renewing Spirit on the apostles and the first faithful gathered in the Upper Room and there are persevering in prayer and waiting for the power from on high. This solemnity, Venerable Brothers and Beloved Sons, also elevates our mind to heavenly things, the bitterness of the hour in which the inscrutable design of Divine Providence – it is always blessed and adored in his eternal purposes consolation as of affliction! – We wanted to place and our pontificate. On the edge of the waters of Lake Tiberias, lulled into storms and fertilized by Christ for apostolic nets, the Church was born with Pierre, pastor of lambs and sheep; but the fire of Spirit had to realize his baptism, the Church received it between the peaceful walls of the Upper Room, that also would realize it in the supernatural ex aqua and Spiritu Sancto born in the likeness of her divine Founder and husband, where, when he came out of the Jordan River, the sky ajar down God’s Spirit as a dove, and the voice of the Father proclaimed the beloved Son object of his kindnesses. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit Church and love are with her; they make it as a great poet sings, “mother of the saints” and “the camp of those who hope.” he came out of the Jordan River, the sky ajar down God’s Spirit as a dove, and the voice of the Father proclaimed the beloved Son object of his kindnesses. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit Church and love are with her; they make it as a great poet sings, “mother of the saints” and “the camp of those who hope.” he came out of the Jordan River, the sky ajar down God’s Spirit as a dove, and the voice of the Father proclaimed the beloved Son object of his kindnesses. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit Church and love are with her; they make it as a great poet sings, “mother of the saints” and “the camp of those who hope.”

St. Eugene.

At the solemn joy of Pentecost, you wanted by your wishes join the birthday party Our heavenly patron, St. Eugene. Pure celebration and joy serene family, in which the “mother of the saints” is exalted, Our hope revived and comforted, and well qu’enveloppée this sadness wind whose rating has also accompanied the words springing from the heart and lips the revered dean of the Sacred College, so beloved and so felt you and us when we sometimes he spoke on behalf of all your congratulations and your vows.

If until now the terrors of war were spared in the Eternal City, but the echo of the cruel and devastating belligerent action wailing over the dead, anxiety about the spread, nostalgia prisoners the complaint of widows and orphans, the exile of deportees, misery and destitution evacuees without dwelling, seek and find in the vicissitudes of their adventure the road to achieve in all languages and with heartrending words up to us, to our ears and our hearts. They reveal and we placed under our eyes every day, and as hour by hour, and the immense dark abyss of suffering and anguish in which this hurricane has caused and causes constantly poor no less humanity than the Lord’s vineyard .

However, in this situation so agonizing trials and pain, the Church does not cease to be “the camp of those who hope.” Before Our eyes – bright and comforting vision – this is gentle and helpful figure of the Holy Pontiff whose name was imposed on us in baptism. As we contemplate his example, road and challenging for our soul, we implore the eternal Priest of the sublime altar of Golgotha, attraction center of the universe, a spark of this exuberant flame of love for the poor and destitute, who shone among the other noble qualities in holy Eugène2. We ask that we obtain from the Lord that in an ever greater extent – through

– ‘See Liber Pontificalis, n. LXXVII.

generous cooperation of many chosen souls who, moved by love of Christ, come to the aid of the inadequacy of our material resources – it is given us to forward also in the future victims of war and the crowd of those who suffer the most effective proof of our affection and our paternal solicitude never tired.

Pain and TRAVAU Lot of man on earth.

If the Church, born of the passion of Christ, looks full of compassion on the pain to relieve it with words and the help that is in its power and meritorious conformity to the divine will, she knows however, not work, ennobled a sublime way by Christ in the humble workshop of Nazareth craftsman. The pain and the work they are not the two companions given by God to our first parents in the path of life, after their fall, when he drove out of Eden? “I will multiply your sufferings, especially those of your designs: bring forth the son in pain,” he said to the woman. “Through hard work … that you eat the herb of the field. It is the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, “he said to the man.Gen 3.16 to 19 )! The pain and work are well separated and never own one to the woman, another man, they become common to them in the land of the living.

The work and the condition of the workers magnified by St. Paul and Leo XIII in the encyclical “Rerum Novarum” …

But for the man’s work is not only that of the land he bathes his sweat: the man also sue in domestic work, in factories, in the arts, in business, in a thousand tasks and jobs. The Church, since its origins, considers and considers the work: the Apostle Paul, for bread, devoted his hands and his word at work; he came to proclaim: “Whoever refuses to work, he does not eat either …

But the vast field of human work and the condition of the workers is, for us and for the Catholic world, illuminated in this year in a special light, and warmed by a grateful remembrance, just and honorable, drift an important act of one of the greatest popes of our time; a measure which gives me great pleasure to extol the profound social significance and influence that continues to this day to commemorate the and for it to be celebrated, not so much noisy parties and feasts in deep interior recollection that grows to an examination of conscience about the past, to activated achievements in the present and in a manly resolution for the future. We hear the immortal Encyclical Rerum Novarum,

… whose 50th anniversary will be marked by a radio message from the Pope.

On this fertile historical event, we propose we send our son soon in worldwide personal radio message, to stimulate their minds and energies to prove themselves worthy, in thought and in action, the precious heritage contained in this masterpiece of a pope who was a wise and prophetic as investigator and a fair judge and weighted impulses and aspirations of his time and of the future. This is why we are happy in this interview that we have with you, Venerable Brothers and Beloved Sons, Our brave and faithful people and wise counselors, I heard you hope that all parts of the Christian world of the spirits rise open to the truth, palpitating hearts of deep love, manly souls decided to sacrifice everything, following the light that Leo XIII, there are ten chandeliers, shined, and whose incomparable successor, Pius XI, has grown much shine, make every effort and go boldly and with perseverance to rescue the world astray and immersed only in the thoughts and passions of this, forgetful of God and the future life. That these souls are trying to enlighten the world, to show him the way and renew the altars of the Lord God of justice and love, diverting the principles and methods unfortunate result of an erroneous evolution and misleading that disguises itself under the aspect of intellectual and spiritual development, civil and social, which, at the end of this century,

Woe to the separate laws of divinity! What honesty, what credit is left in the law? The rights once distant altars, stumble

and tremble, collapse. 3

Trust in the future despite the sadness of the hour.

The future of the people and the life of man is dark, but the cross remains standing during the course of the world. Our constant prayer, Venerable Brothers and Beloved Sons, We make up with yours to heaven, “the eternal Shepherd does not abandon his flock but he keeps it and continually protects its blessed apostles”. Perhaps the time to come will they become even darker; but the sun of righteousness will not cease to shine in the darkness; the star that still guide us in the night will be the star of faith, hope and love from the first pope: Nunc scio vere … and Gentile Apostle Scio cui credidi. In this farm and consoling confidence

3 l.éon XIII. A Leim Chrittn tnemntlt taermll ftfspiria