Adam & Eve are clothed by God after the Fall

5600 BC

The mother-goddess of Çatalhöyük depicted wearing bikini-like costume.

5700–4500 BC

Figurines produced by the Pagan Vinča culture have been interpreted by archaeologists as representing women in miniskirt-like garments.

1390 -1370 BC

The earliest known female wearing clothing which resembled miniskirts was the Pagan Nordic Bronze Age Egtved Girl


1400 BC

Greek pagan women

wear two piece in sports.


33 A.D.

The Birth of the Catholic Church

60-67 A.D.

St. Paul writes 1 Timothy 2:8-10

Pope Linus decreed that all Christian women should veil their heads when inside a church.

150 – 215 AD

“For those that glory in their looks, not in heart, dress to please others.” – Clement of Alexandria, Father of the Church

195 AD

“Neither is it seemly for the clothes to be above the knee…(tight) clothing, which cannot conceal the shape of the body, is no more a covering.” Clement of Alexandria


203 AD

St. Perpetua is martyred.

She covers her legs while being thrown around by the wild bull.

250 AD

“But continence and modesty consist not alone in purity of the flesh, but also in seemliness, as well as in modesty of dress and adornment; ” – St. Cyprian – Father of the Church


286-305 AD

Mosaic depicts Roman pagan women wearing bikinis in sports.

304 AD

St. Agnes is martyred.

Her hair grows to cover her body, saving her purity.

Church Father Arnobius writes against the Pagans “shameful displays of indecency” He died in

330 AD

391 AD

Church Father, St Ambrose writes, “..Modesty is… fitted as it is for all ages, persons, times, and places

480 – 543 AD

St. Benedict throws himself into thorn bushes to keep from falling into lust for a woman.


866 AD

Pope Nicholas I responds to the Bulgars, “For whether you or your women wear or do not wear pants (femoralia) neither impedes your salvation nor leads to any increase of your virtue.”

1225 – 1274

St Thomas Aquinas chases a prostitute from him room with a burning log to stay pure.

St Thomas Aquinas writes in the Summa Theologica, “As regards the adornment of women, we must bear in mind the general statements made above (Article 1) concerning outward apparel, and also something special, namely that a woman’s apparel may incite men to lust, according to Proverbs 7:10,”

1380-1444 AD

St. Bernadine writes, “Do you not consider how great a sin it is to introduce a harmful fashion?”

1413-1436 AD

Saint Frances of Rome receives many visions, one in particular is of hell, “certain ladies whom she had known in Roman society” were damned “for guilty desires, even though these had not been put into act.
for indecent styles of dress, which were the fashion of the day, and which had been a cause of seduction and of sin.
for dances, considered inoffensive by the world.”


1429 AD

St. Joan of Arc disguises herself as a male soldier for protection.


Catechism of Trent

“Other Sins Against Chastity Are Forbidden: …every species of immodesty and impurity are included in this prohibition of adultery”

1594 – 1634

Our Lady of Good Success, “In the end of the 19th century… “In those times the atmosphere will be saturated with the spirit of impurity which, like a filthy sea, will engulf the streets and public places with incredible license.… Innocence will scarcely be found in children, or modesty in women.”


The Pagan Qing Dynasty in China brings the very first miniskirt-wearing girl gang: the Duan Qun Miao.


St. Francis de Sales, writes “Purity has its source in the heart, but it is in the body that its material results take shape, and therefore it may be forfeited both by the exterior senses and by the thoughts and desires of the heart.”



Julie d’Aubigny, better known as Mademoiselle Maupin or La Maupin, was a Bisexual 17th-century swordswoman and opera singer who dressed in men’s clothing.

1676 – 1751

St. Leonard of Port Maurice writes, (On the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass) “If this thought was deep in your soul, would you
venture into the holy place with unbecoming gait,
or in apparel that is immodest ?”


St. Frances de Salles writes, “It was sin that created the need for us to dress and to cover our body with clothing. This is why, because we carry with us at all times the condition of sinners, we must never appear not only without clothing but also without being fully dressed. This is required both by decency and by the law of God.”


Freemasons lead the French Revolution in France



The Merveilleuses, fashionable aristocratic subculture in Paris during the French Directory. They wore exaggerated the Greek style, wearing loose gowns so sheer that they were almost transparent.


Freemasons write “Our final end is that of Voltaire and of the French Revolution, the destruction for ever of Catholicism”



Socialist Christian Utopian Society introduces trousers for women, worn beneath short dresses called, “reform dress”.


Socialist, Bisexual, Feminist and “serial monogamist” Aurore Dupin Dudevant, also known as George Sand, dresses as a man in public and does so for most of her life.

91c146859bf3e97d6d1fe270d6d225f2 (1).jpg


“Since we cannot suppress woman, let us corrupt her with the Church”

Letter of Vindez to Nubius, pen names of two leaders of the Alta Vendita, the highest lodge of the Italian Carbonari, Masonic revolutionaries,


St. Dominic Savio cries, “death before sin!”.

Refuses to swim nude like the other boys.


Socialist Christian Perfectionist Utopian Community reintroduces “reform dress”, but with pantaloons instead of trousers.

This practice spreads through non-freethinking intentional communities.


Radical Feminist, Eliza Farnsworth dons what would soon be famously called, “The Bloomer” costume, for comfort during work in the California Gold Rush.


Elizabeth Smith Miller designs and begins began wearing the “Bloomer Costume” while working in her garden and becoming “thoroughly disgusted with the long skirt…”

Amelia Bloomer, a friend of Stanton, takes up the costume and publicizes it in the Lily, a temperance journal that she edits. The “Bloomer” earns it name and The Lily becomes wildly popular.



James Caleb Jackson & Dr. Harriet Austin refashioned the Bloomer reform dress, naming it “The American Costume”


Within Harlem’s Hamilton Lodge, drag balls began.


Cycling craze in London. Riding dresses, not unlike the former “Bloomer” costume, are made for the sport.

The word “flapper” was used in some localities as slang both for a very young prostitute.



The first “erotic” film is screened in Paris.


Short Après le bal features one of the earliest nude scenes in film.

Screen shot 2010-09-24 at 12.26.31


Evening dresses in the Edwardian era were flamboyant and provocative, with low cut bodices allowing an overt display of jewelry and bosom! Evening frou-frou in the 1900s meant luxurious sensual fabric .


St. Maria Goretti is martyred for refusing to submit to her rapist.



“From Show Girl to Burlesque Queen” features more strip teases and nudity.


Catechism of Pope St. Pius X

“16 Q. In what does modesty of person consist?
A. Modesty of person consists especially in being modestly dressed, in observing silence and recollection and, as far as possible, in remaining kneeling, except during the time of the two Gospels which are heard standing.”


Inspired by the Eastern culture, French designer Paul Poiret becomes one of the first to design pants for women. He creates loose-fitting, wide-leg trousers for women called harem pants, which were based on the costumes of the popular ballet Sheherazade.



World War 1 begins.

St. Padre Pio writes to one of his spiritual daughters, “There are, moreover, three virtues which perfect the devout person with regard to control of his own senses. These are: modesty, continence and chastity. By the virtue of modesty the devout person governs all his exterior acts.”



St. Padre Pio writes a letter to his spiritual daughter, “You must be modest in speech, modest in laughter, modest in your bearing, modest in walking… (modesty) is the virtue which, more than any other, reveals the affections of the heart.”



Fatima Apparitions, Our Lady shows three children Hell, and tells them “Impurity sends the most souls to hell.”



Our Lady tells St. Jacinta Marto, “Certain fashions will be introduced that will offend Our Lord very much”

In “Remarks on the woman’s mission in society” to a delegation of the Union of Catholic Women, Pope Benedict XV says,
“Ignorance alone can explain the deplorable extension taken today by a fashion so contrary to modesty,”

French tennis player, Suzanne Lenglen garnered much attention in the media when she appeared at Wimbledon with sleeveless and knee-length tennis wear designed by Jean Patou who becomes revolutionary in shortening sports skirts.

Feminist, Communist & Anti-Catholic, Luisa Capetillo becomes the first woman to wear men’s trousers in public. Her beliefs in a “free love” “human emancipation” likened to that of the 1960’s.


An article in Le Figaro by His Eminence Cardinal Louis-Ernest Dubois spoke of a letter that “was read from the pulpit in every church in the diocese, the following warning of the new archbishop of Paris, ‘against indecent modes and unseemly dances.'” quoting, “We urge our diocesan react against the opposing modes to Christian decency.”

Women won the right to vote in the United States on August 26, 1920

In his lecture on Britain’s surplus of young women caused by the loss of young men in war, Dr. R. Murray-Leslie criticized “the social butterfly type… the frivolous, scantily-clad, jazzing flapper, irresponsible and undisciplined, to whom a dance, a new hat, or a man with a car, were of more importance than the fate of nations”


Lesbian subcultures begin to become more established in several larger US cities.

Pants are worn by women to Ski.

“Knickers” are widely accepted as sportswear for women. Many golf courses ban women from wearing casual knickers until the mid ’20s. They fit right in with the “boyish” style of the youth culture.

School girls wear bloomers, a softer form of knickers, in school as well as part of their gym uniform. Black or navy boomers with a Middy top have already been in fashion for girls for a decade or more. It stays on trend into the 1930s.



Pope Benedict XV encyclical “Sacra Propediem” speaks of immodest fashions and dances and the shamelessness of women going to Mass immodestly dress.

“The Queen of Sheba”, Fox Studios’ another first in nudity on the big screen.

la Ciotat.jpg


“Beach pyjamas”, wide legged pants for women become very popular. They were worn exclusively on beaches everywhere, usually with backless sun-tops or sleeveless blouses. But soon became popular everyday wear for women in the ’30s. They are designed by CoCo Chanel; a popular fashion designer who later would become a Nazi spy, and was bisexual.


Bishop Quillet and Mgr Marnas publish a warning in “La Croix” — “Indecency is more and more characterized by a fashion of removing sleeves and showing more cleavage (décolletage), the brazenness with which some people come to church in unbecoming attire,even daring to approach to Holy Table obliges us priests to publish this warning…”

François -X Schoepfer bishop of Tarbes and Lourdes writes a serious call to Modesty at Mass, explicitly recalling Vicar General of Pope Pius XI’s (Basilio Pompili) warning on all the doors of the Churches in Rome,

Then further decry the immodesty of dress at Lourdes and added they “must consider themselves unworthy of being admitted to enter the miraculous Cave, consecrated by the Apparitions of the Virgin Immaculate.” As well as confirming all the priests not give Communion to women with sleeveless dresses that show cleavage (décolletage)


The Bishops of Belgium issue a serious call concerning indecent fashions, quoting, “People who are not well dressed are asked not to approach the communion rail.”

Archbishop of Rheims L.-J., Cardinal Lucon, issues a letter repeating the call for modesty at Mass, prohibiting women with cleavage (décolletage) and sleeveless dresses from Holy Communion.

Mgr Besson bishop of Lausanne, orders a letter to be read at all Masses in churches and chapels of the diocese, decrying the scandal of immodest fashions, “especially in the city, has taken outrageous proportions…. (of) The faithful, and especially mothers,”

Bisexual French dancer, Josephine Baker becomes famous; her costume consisting of only a girdle of artificial bananas likened to a micro mini skirt, becomes her most iconic image and a “symbol” of the Jazz Age and the 1920s.



Cardinal-Vicar of Pope Pius XI, Cardinal Basilio Pompili issues Guidelines for Mass. Summarized as, “Shoulders & knees covered, no cleavage, nothing tight, clingy or sheer.”

After her role in “Howard Hawks silent buddy film A Girl in Every Port.” actress Louise Brooks became an icon for women. Her distinctive bob haircut helped start a trend; many women styled their hair in imitation of both her and fellow film star Colleen Moore. She was a “sex symbol” as well as bisexual.


Pope Pius XI speaks again of the importance of modesty, specifically in sports, in his encyclical, “Divini Illius Magistri”


Letter of the Sacred Congregation of the Council is issued.

Maidens and women dressed immodestly are to be debarred from Holy Communion … further, if the offence be extreme, they may even be forbidden to enter the Church.””

“In the 1930s we put eleven hundred men into the priesthood in order to destroy the Church from within.” – Bella Dodd, former high ranking official of the American Communist Party.”

Félix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, OP, Canadian Cardinal writes,
“We hope that all the girls and women of our diocese will be a duty to comply with these provisions and to set an example of Christian modesty with the submission to the will of the Vicar of Jesus Christ. It goes without saying that sanctions brought by the Sacred Congregation must be applied with equal prudence and firmness , to stop immediately and as effectively as possible the scourge of immodesty.” Explicitly citing Basilio Pompili’s address on Modesty from 1928 “In order to determine precisely what is to be considered what is appropriate, (or) improper attire to be worn by the person assisting at Mass.”

Actress Greta Garbo, bisexual, popularizes the pantsuit for women.

Marlene Dietrich also popularizes cross-dressing, appearing in a film wearing men’s clothes, as well as continuing to do so for much of her career. She was born to a Communist working class family. Her first husband was an ardent Communist, she was known to be bisexual. To her credit she refused to work with the Nazi’s during her career.

Bella Dodd-06.jpg

Pope Pius XI Encyclical, “Ad Salutem”

“Christian women can never be at too great pains to abolish immodest fashions of dress.”



Tennis player Alice Marble wears white shorts to play for the first time. By this time mini skirts that shot over the knees were the trend in women’s sports.


The National Legion of Decency is formed by the Catholic Bishops of the United States. The legion publishes rating lists designed to provide “a moral estimate of current entertainment feature motion pictures”

Katherine Hepburn is noted as a staunchly“trouser-wearing”, Feminist, Bisexual, and Socialist sympathizer. Her mother co-founded Planned Parenthood alongside Eugenist Margaret Sanger and was a Communist. To this day, Katherine Hepburn is known and revered by many feminists by making pants acceptable for women;s wear.


Pope Pius XI promulgates the Encyclical, “Vigilanti Cura” that praises highly the Legion of Decency and speaks of the potential corrupting of souls by the Cinema, and what measures the clergy must take.

Films condemned by the Legion of Decency in this year:

Adolph Armstrong, a Swedish import

Extase or Ecstasy,

Les Amours de Toni

Carnival in Flanders

Gambling with Souls

Living Dangerously

Pitfalls of Youth, possibly an alternative title for Marihuana.

The Private Life of Henry VIII

Whirlpool a French import originally titled Remous.

Women begin wearing slacks

for all form of casual dress

particularly in America.



Films condemned by the Legion of Decency for this year:

Assassin of Youth

Club de femmes

Damaged Goods, Also distributed as Marriage Forbidden.

Damaged Lives

The Lie of Nina Petrovna

Lucrezia Borgia

Slaves in Bondage



The League requested that the Pledge of the Legion of Decency be administered each year on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception (December 8).

Films condemned by the Legion of Decency for this year:

Children of the Sun
Human Wreckage, also distributed as Sex Madness.
Orage, which the Legion calls L’Orage.
The Pace That Kills
The Puritan
Race Suicide
The Wages of Sin

Women & Men’s swimsuits continue to cover less.


Films condemned by the Legion of Decency for this year:

The Human Beast, originally titled La Bête Humaine
Le Jour Se Lève or Daybreak
Last Desire
Mad Youth
Reefer Madness
Sinful Daughters
Smashing the Rackets
With a Smile



Pope Pius XII address 20,00 Italian Youth Women of Catholic Action, “You, therefore, who so piously clothe the altar and dwelling of Jesus Christ, never forget that you carry God in you by the grace which clothes your soul; do not forget that this divine presence makes, not only of your soul, but also of your body, a holy temple”

Films condemned by the Legion of Decency for this year:

Hôtel du Nord
The Kiss of Fire
Lash of the Penitentes
The Merry Wives
Pépé le Moko
Souls in Pawn
Stolen Paradise, also released as Adolescence
Time in the Sun

Extremely short skirts became a staple of 20th-century science fiction, particularly in 1940s pulp artwork such as that by Earle K. Bergey who depicted futuristic women in a “stereotyped combination” of metallic miniskirt, bra and boots. As well as pinup images by artists like Earle K. Bergey.


Pope Pius XII speaks to the feminine youth of Italian Catholic Action, who have made a “Purity Crusade”,

“The Church must work on souls, and in her service Catholic Action, your action, in close union and under the direction of the ecclesiastical hierarchy, in combating the perils of misconduct in all areas open to you: in the field of fashion, clothing and clothing, hygiene and sport, in the field of social relations and entertainment. Your weapons will be your word and your example, your kindness and your maintenance, weapons that also testify to others and make possible and laudable the behavior that honors and honors your activity.”

Films condemned by the Legion of Decency for this year:

City of Sin
Fighting the White Slave Trade
Nine Bachelors
The Girl from Maxim’s
No Greater Sin


The Legion of Decency condemns only one film this year:

Passion Island, a Mexican import directed by Emilio Fernández as La Isla de la Pasiòn.


The Holy Father speaks to the women of Catholic Action, praising their battle for modesty and purity and encouraging them,
“Your zeal, however, against immodest attitudes and attitudes, do not just try again, but build up, showing practically to the female world how a young woman can harmonize the superior laws of virtue with the rules of hygiene and elegance in her clothes and behavior. . It is to be hoped that not a small part of Italian women, those (that is, but many) who have remained healthy in thought and in heart, will not delay or doubt to follow your example.”

Films condemned by the Legion of Decency this year:

¡Ay qué tiempos señor don Simón!
Child Bride, also presented under the title Dust to Dust
Confessions of a Vice Baron


The city council of Monahans, Texas, passed an ordinance in 1944 that banned women in shorts from public streets, according to TheNew York Times of the day.


Canadian Cardinal Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve writes reminding “the faithful of the grave obligation to protect Christian morals among us…

It goes without saying that all Christians should fight against the invasion of suggestive modes and immoral liberties.

It should be noted that clothes called shorts are not admitted by Christian decency even for places of amusement…” adding that women with sleeveless, low-cut tops and short skirts “must put on a coat before crossing the threshold of our temples.”

The Legion of Decency only condemns one film:

Mom and Dad, a sexploitation film that purported to teach sexual hygiene.


1945’s University of Chicago

archery class (or group).


The Bishops of Quebec, write a lengthy Joint Pastoral Letter titled, “Purity Crusade”, concerning the grave importance of Modesty in Dress.


The Legion of Decency condemns only one film:

Louis Réard launched the first string bikini and recruited a nude dancer from the Casino de Paris to model it.


The Legion of Decency condemns many films:

The Bandit
Devil in the Flesh
The Genius and the Nightingale,titled Maria Malibran, a biopic of soprano Maria Malibran
Merry Chase, an Italian import (La resa di Titì)
The Room Upstairs
Sins of the Fathers
Street Corner
When Love Calls


List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

The Devil’s Sleep
Germany, Year Zero
Hollywood Burlesque
Just a Big Simple Girl
Rozina, the Love Child
The Story of Bob and Sally
The Wench


List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

The Blue Angel
Bullet for Stefano
Flesh Will Surrender
Hoboes in Paradise
Jungle Stampede
Lovers of Verona
No Orchids for Miss Blandish
Oh, Amelia
The Paris Waltz
A Royal Affair
Scandals of Clochemerle
The Sinners
The Young and the Damned

Women in Science Fiction films & TV shows begin wearing mini and/or micro skirts.


The Legion of Decency condemns many films:

Behind Closed Shutters
It’s Forever Springtime
A Lover’s Return
La Marie du port
Miss Julie
Paris Nights
The Raven
La Ronde
She Shoulda Said No!, a film about the dangers of marijuana.
The Ways of Love, the umbrella title used for distributing three foreign language films, which the Legion condemned as a group.
White Cargo, listed by the Legion of Decency as French White Cargo.

Pope Pius XII condemns “Festival Bikini Contest” as sinful.


The Legion of Decency condemns these films:

Of Love and Bandits
The Savage Triangle
The Strollers
The Thrill That Kills
Women Without Names


List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

Girls Marked Danger
The Moon Is Blue
Le Plaisir
The Seven Deadly Sins
Three Forbidden Stories
Times Gone B

Fashion historians credit actress Brigitte Bardot with popularising the bikini design. She was a 22-year-old brunette when she was photographed wearing a two-piece on the beach during the 1953 Cannes Film Festival.

Sales of the two-piece soon exploded, as did Bardot’s career. Later photographs of Marilyn Monroe, Rita Hayworth and Ava Gardner wearing bikinis only increased demand.

Pope Pius XII addresses the National Scientific Congress dedicated to gymnastic-sporting activities. He speaks not only to women,
“ There is also in sport and gymnastics, in rhythm and dance, a certain nudism, which is neither necessary nor convenient. Not without reason, a few years ago, a completely impartial observer said: ” What in this field affects the mass, it is not the beauty of the nude, but the nude of beauty». Faced with such a way of practicing gymnastics and sport the religious and moral sense opposes his Veto.”



List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

The Bed
The French Line

Garden of Eden
Mademoiselle Gobete
One Summer of Happiness]
Summer Interlud
We Want a Child!


The Legion of Decency condemns these films:

Adorable Creatures
The Desperate Women
A Husband for Anna
I Am a Camera
The Game of Love
Son of Sinbad


List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

And God Created Woman
Baby Doll
Bed of Grass
Female and the Flesh, also released as The Light Across the Street
Fruits of Summer
Letters from My Windmill
The Miller’s Beautiful Wife
Passionate Summer
The Naked Night, also distributed as Sawdust and Tinsel
Sins of the Borgias
Stain on the Snow, the Legion called Snow was Black.
Woman of Rome


November 8th Pope Pius XII receives in a special audience, the participants in the First International Congress of the Latin Union of High Fashion and gives them precise instructions in a long speech in Italian, and is called the lengthiest discussion any Pope has given to the moral problems raised by dress end fashions.

“Yet, no matter how broad and changeable the relative morals of styles may be, there is always an absolute norm to be kept after having heard the admonition of conscience warning against approaching danger: style must never be a proximate occasion of sin.”

The Legion of Decency condemns these films:

The Flesh is Weak
Mademoiselle Striptease, distributed as Please! Mr. Balzac.
Maid in Paris
The Night Heaven Fell
Smiles of a Summer Night
Untamed Youth


List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

Heroes and Sinners
Lady Chatterley’s Lover
Liane, Jungle Goddess
Love is My Profession
Lovers of Paris, originally Pot-Bouille
A Question of Adultery


Rufino J. Cardinal Santos, Archbishop of Manila, quotes Basilio Pompili’s guidelines as “The Church’s stand concerning modesty in dress” in his Pastoral of December 6,. He was known for launching many religious crusades, including the Purity Crusade for Mary Immaculate.

The Legion of Decency condemns, The Third Sex, a German import directed by Veit Harlan; also known as Bewildered Youth or Different from You and Me, originally Das dritte Geschlecht.


Cardinal Giuseppe Siri writes an entire Notification on women wearing pants, saying that pants that are not tight “cannot be said to constitute as such a grave offense against modesty” And goes on to say that “it is a different aspect of women’s wearing of men’s trousers which seems to us the gravest” citing, among other examples, that it changes ” the feminine psychology proper to women,”

List of film condemned by he Legion of Decency:

Never on Sunday
Oscar Wilde
The Trials of Oscar Wilde


The Legion of Decency condemns:

A Cold Wind in August
Jules and Jim

Skirt hemlines were just above the knee.


Extremely short skirts, some as much as eight inches above the knee, are observed in Britain in the summer of 1962. The young women who wore these short skirts were called “Ya-Ya girls,” a term derived from “yeah, yeah” which was a popular catcall at the time.

The Legion of Decency condemns:

Boccaccio ’70

The Legion noted its “grossly suggestive concentration upon indecent costuming, situations and dialogue”.

By this time the Legion had adopted a policy of not reconsidering a film’s rating once it was widely distributed, even if revised, but in this case the Legion allowed that the film’s C rating would not be valid once the film was edited for television broadcast.


The Legion of Decency condemns:



Gay Fashion Designer Rudi Gernreich designs the first “topless” swimsuit.

The Legion of Decency condemns:

Kiss Me, Stupid
Of Human Bondage


André Courrèges presents short skirts measuring four inches above the knee in January 1965 for the year’s Spring/Summer collection

The Legion of Decency condemns:

The Pawnbroker, “for the sole reason that nudity has been used”


Some mini skirt designs have the hem at the upper thigh.

The British Society for the Preservation of the Miniskirt is established to protest against the return of longer hemlines at the Christian Dior fashion show.

The Legion of Decency condemns:



Gay Fashion Designer Rudi Gernreich is among the first American designers to offer miniskirts.

The Legion of Decency condemns:

Hurry Sundown
The Penthouse
Reflections in a Golden Eye
Valley of the Dolls


In Africa, the Youth League of Tanzania’s ruling TANU party launched Operation Vijana. Organised and run by young men, Vijana was a morality campaign targeting indecent clothing, which led to attacks on women with at least one stoning reportedly triggered by the victim’s miniskirt. Gangs of youths patrolled bus stations and streets looking for women dressed “inappropriately,” and dealing out physical attacks and beatings.

The Legion of Decency condemns:

The Anniversary
Birds in Peru
The Boston Strangler
Dark of the Sun
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
If He Hollers Let Him Go!
Lady in Cement
The Legend of Lylah Clare
The Magus
The Producers
Rosemary’s Baby
The Secret Life of an American Wife
The Sweet Ride


The fashion industry largely returns to longer skirts such as the midi and the maxi. Journalist Christopher Booker gave two reasons for this reaction: firstly, that “there was almost nowhere else to go … the mini-skirts could go no higher”; and secondly, in his view, “dressed up in mini-skirts and shiny PVC macs, given such impersonal names as ‘dolly birds’, girls had been transformed into throwaway plastic objects”.

The Legion of Decency condemns:

The April Fools
Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice
I Am Curious (Yellow)
The Killing of Sister George


An article appears in Paul Harvey’s column of the SCOTTSBLUFF STAR HERALD newspaper, speaks about the mini skirt inciting sex crime, “Professional law enforcement officials in 50 states were asked, ‘Does the short skirt invite sex crime?’ Those in 61% of our major cities reported; 92% said yes.

Gay Fashion designer, Rudi Gernreich introduces the idea of unisex clothing that was minimalist, utilitarian, and optional, including men’s suits and hats for women.. He shows his designs on a male and female model who were both shaved.


The Legion of Decency condemns:

Billy Jack
A Clockwork Orange
The Devils
The Last Picture Show


The Legion of Decency condemns:

The Carey Treatment
Pink Flamingos


The Legion of Decency condemns:

High Plains Drifter
Last Tango in Paris
Lemora, A Child’s Tale of the Supernatural
The Wicker Man


In response to Los Angeles banning nude beaches, Gay Fashion designer, Rudi Gernreich designs and names the first thong bathing suit that exposed the buttocks for both men and women.


The Legion of Decency condemns:

The Rocky Horror Picture Show


The Legion of Decency condemns:

J.D.’s Revenge
The Omen
The Outlaw Josey Wales
Taxi Driver


The Legion of Decency condemns:

Dawn of the Dead
Ice Castles
Pretty Baby
Same Time, Next Year