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The Catholic Church constantly reminded the faithful of the importance of decency and modesty, calling out the various new fashions as early as the late 1880s. Decrying the indecent clothing styles, new crude dances, immodest and obscene films, books, theater productions and so on. Whereas enemies of the Church and namely Freemasonry and Feminism, promoted more so called “freedom” concerning what people could wear, watch and do freely. 

It is interesting to note that immodesty in dress was not solely a problem of the 1960s till today, but it continued through time as other vices which the Church never failed to warn of and condemn. And it was a constant theme in pagan cultures, while Christianity always promoted dignity in dress.


Adam & Eve are clothed by God after the Fall


5600 B.C.

The mother-goddess of Çatalhöyük depicted wearing bikini-like costume.

5700 -4500 B.C.

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“According to the figurines we found (in a Neolithic settlement in what is now
southern Serbia)” says archaeologist Julka Kuzmanovic-Cvetkovic, “young
women were (…) dressed, like today’s girls in short tops and mini skirts, and wore
bracelets around their arms,”

Figurines produced by the Pagan Vinča culture have been interpreted by archaeologists as representing women in miniskirt-like garments.


1390 -1370 BC

The earliest known female wearing clothing which resembled miniskirts was the Pagan Nordic Bronze Age Egtved Girl



1400 BC  

Greek pagan women wear two piece in sports and to swim.


668 B.C.download (2)

Ancient Sparta held a yearly celebration from 668 BC called
gymnopaedia during which naked youths displayed their athletic and martial skills
through the medium of war dancing.


400 + B.C.

In the cult of Aphroditus, worshipers cross-dressed, men wore
women’s clothing and women dressed in men’s clothing with false beards.


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33 A.D.

The Birth of the Catholic Church


60-67 A.D.

St. Paul writes 1 Timothy 2:8-10download (5)


Pope Linus decreed that all Christian women should veil their heads when inside a church.


150 – 215 AD

“For those that glory in their looks, not in heart, dress to please others.” – Clement of Alexandria, Father of the Church


195 AD

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“Neither is it seemly for the clothes to be above the knee…(tight) clothing, which cannot conceal the shape of the body, is no more a covering.” Clement of Alexandria



203 AD

St. Perpetua is martyred.

She covers her legs while being thrown around by the wild bull.


CyprianofCarthage250 AD

“But continence and modesty consist not alone in purity of the flesh, but also in seemliness, as well as in modesty of dress and adornment; ” – St. Cyprian – Father of the Church



97554a54aad216c3a2827c07f4b6fd6c--martyr-catholic-saints304 AD

St. Agnes is martyred.

Her hair grows to cover her body, saving her purity.

download (3)Church Father Arnobius writes against the Pagans “shameful displays of indecency” He died in 330 AD


saint-ambrose-the-doctor-of-the-church-252x300391 AD

Church Father and Doctor of the Church, St Ambrose writes, “..Modesty is… fitted as it is for all ages, persons, times, and places.”

480 – 543 ADscene08a

St. Benedict throws himself into thorn bushes to keep from falling into lust for a woman.



866 AD

Pope Nicholas I responds to the Bulgars, “For whether you or your women wear or do not wear pants (femoralia) neither impedes your salvation nor leads to any increase of your virtue.”


1225 – 1274Gessi_Tentazione_di_san_tommaso

Doctor of the Church, St Thomas Aquinas chases a prostitute from him room with a burning log to stay pure.


St Thomas Aquinas writes in the Summa Theologica, “As regards the adornment of women, we must bear in mind the general statements made above (Article 1) concerning outward apparel, and also something special, namely that a woman’s apparel may incite men to lust, according to Proverbs 7:10,”


download (4)1380-1444 AD

St. Bernadine writes, “Do you not consider how great a sin it is to introduce a harmful fashion?”


1413-1436 ADimg-Saint-Frances-of-Rome

Saint Frances of Rome receives many visions, one in particular is of hell, “certain ladies whom she had known in Roman society” were damned “for guilty desires, even though these had not been put into act.
for indecent styles of dress, which were the fashion of the day, and which had been a cause of seduction and of sin.
for dances, considered inoffensive by the world.”


1429 AD

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The oldest depiction of St. Joan of Arc.

St. Joan of Arc disguises herself as a male soldier for protection.




Catechism of Trent Edited under St. Charles of Borromeo
Published by the Decree of Pope St. Pius V

“Other Sins Against Chastity Are Forbidden: …every species of immodesty and impurity are included in this prohibition of adultery”


download (8)1594 – 1634

Our Lady of Good Success, “In the end of the 19th century… “In those times the atmosphere will be saturated with the spirit of impurity which, like a filthy sea, will engulf the streets and public places with incredible license.… Innocence will scarcely be found in children, or modesty in women.”



The Pagan Qing Dynasty in China brings the very first miniskirt-wearing girl gang: the Duan Qun Miao.


download (9)1609

Doctor of the Church St. Francis de Sales, writes “Purity has its source in the heart, but it is in the body that its material results take shape, and therefore it may be forfeited both by the exterior senses and by the thoughts and desires of the heart.”




Julie d’Aubigny, better known as Mademoiselle Maupin or La Maupin, was a Bisexual 17th-century swordswoman and opera singer who dressed in men’s clothing.

St. Leonard of Port Maurice with Crucifix1676 – 1751

St. Leonard of Port Maurice writes, (On the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass) “If this thought was deep in your soul, would you
venture into the holy place with unbecoming gait,
or in apparel that is immodest ?”



St. Frances de Sales writes, “It was sin that created the need for us to dress and to cover our body with clothing. This is why, because we carry with us at all times the condition of sinners, we must never appear not only without clothing but also without being fully dressed. This is required both by decency and by the law of God.”


Freemasons lead the French Revolution in France



The Merveilleuses, fashionable aristocratic subculture in Paris during the French Directory. They wore exaggerated the Greek style, wearing loose gowns so sheer that they were almost transparent.



Freemasons write “Our final end is that of Voltaire and of the French Revolution, the destruction for ever of Catholicism”



Socialist Christian Utopian Society introduces trousers for women, worn beneath short dresses called, “reform dress”.



Communist, Bisexual, Feminist and “serial monogamist” Aurore Dupin Dudevant, also known as George Sand, dresses as a man in public and does so for most of her life.



“Since we cannot suppress woman, let us corrupt her with the Church”

Letter of Vindez to Nubius, pen names of two leaders of the Alta Vendita, the highest lodge of the Italian Carbonari, Masonic revolutionaries,



St. Dominic Savio cries, “death before sin!”.

Refuses to swim nude like the other boys.



Socialist Christian Perfectionist Utopian Community reintroduces “reform dress”, but with pantaloons instead of trousers.

This practice spreads through non-freethinking intentional communities.


Radical Feminist, Eliza Farnsworth dons what would soon be famously called, “The Bloomer” costume, for comfort during work in the California Gold Rush.


Elizabeth Smith Miller designs and begins began wearing the “Bloomer Costume” while working in her garden and becoming “thoroughly disgusted with the long skirt…”

Amelia Bloomer, a friend of Stanton, takes up the costume and publicizes it in the Lily, a temperance journal that she edits. The “Bloomer” earns it name and The Lily becomes wildly popular.


Dr. Harriet Austin


James Caleb Jackson & Dr. Harriet Austin refashioned the Bloomer reform dress, naming it “The American Costume”

Another radical feminist, Anna Elizabeth Dickenson, a lesbian, wears mens trousers while hiking a mountain.




Within Harlem’s Hamilton Lodge, drag balls began.

Louisa Atkinson, early Christian Australian writer, botanist and illustrator,
discarded the long dresses of the period for trousers because they were much more
suitable for bushwalking and pony riding.


Rome Vicariate Cardinal Raffaele Monaco La Valletta writes an instruction to all Catholic ladies on proper “modesty in dress and decorum.”


1890scycling outfit 1894

Cycling craze in London. Riding dresses, not unlike the former “Bloomer” costume, are made for the sport.

The word “flapper” was used in some localities as slang both for a very young
prostitute. Barrere; Leland (1889). Dictionary of Slang. Flippers, flappers, “very young girls trained to vice.”

unnamed1892 or 1893
Feminist, American poet, playwright, and novelist, Mercedes
de Acosta was raised dressed in boy clothes and believed she is a boy until age 7.
She grew up to become a well-known lesbian



The first “erotic” film is screened in Paris.



Short Après le bal features one of the earliest nude scenes in film.



Evening dresses in the Edwardian era were flamboyant and provocative, with low cut bodices allowing an overt display of jewelry and bosom! Evening frou-frou in the 1900s meant luxurious sensual fabric .



St. Maria Goretti is martyred for refusing to submit to her rapist.


1904 – 1955download (2)

“Let those exhibiting their bodies clothe themselves! Let
modesty reign. Penance! Prayer! Much prayer is needed!” Our Lord to Blessed
Alexandrina da Costa of Balasar, mystic and victim soul.



Catechism of Pope St. Pius X

“16 Q. In what does modesty of person consist?
A. Modesty of person consists especially in being modestly dressed, in observing silence and recollection and, as far as possible, in remaining kneeling, except during the time of the two Gospels which are heard standing.”



Inspired by the Eastern culture, French designer Paul Poiret becomes one of the first to design pants for women. He creates loose-fitting, wide-leg trousers for women called harem pants, which were based on the costumes of the popular ballet Sheherazade.



World War 1 begins.


St. Padre Pio writes to one of his spiritual daughters, “There are, moreover, three virtues which perfect the devout person with regard to control of his own senses. These are: modesty, continence and chastity. By the virtue of modesty the devout person governs all his exterior acts.



St. Padre Pio writes a letter to his spiritual daughter, “You must be modest in speech, modest in laughter, modest in your bearing, modest in walking… (modesty) is the virtue which, more than any other, reveals the affections of the heart.”



Marion Barbara ‘Joe’ Carstairs, a wealthy British power boat racer,
dressed like a man and had numerous affairs with actresses such as Greta Garbo & Marlene Dietrich, both well known for wearing men’s trousers regularly.



Fatima Apparitions, Our Lady shows three children Hell, and tells them “Impurity sends the most souls to hell.”



St. Jacinta Marto, “Certain fashions will be introduced that will offend Our Lord very much”


download (5)1919
In “Remarks on the woman’s mission in society” to a delegation of the Union of Catholic Women, Pope Benedict XV says,
“Ignorance alone can explain the deplorable extension taken today by a fashion so contrary to modesty,”




French tennis player, Suzanne Lenglen garnered much attention in the media when she appeared at Wimbledon sleeveless and knee-length tennis wear designed by Jean Patou who becomes revolutionary in shortening sports skirts.


download (6)Feminist, Communist & Anti-Catholic, Luisa Capetillo becomes the first woman to wear men’s trousers in public. Her beliefs in a “free love” “human emancipation” likened to that of the 1960’s.

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Several Irish Bishops issue warnings against the fashions in women’s attire. They denounce the new modes as immodest, and offer the suggestion that Irish women
could more fitly allow the national spirit to dictate their taste in the matter of fashions. The Bishop of Limerick, Msgr. Hallinan, writes in a letter to the press: “I have seen it stated on what I conceive to be reliable authority that the principle designers of these modern fashions in women’s dress are men, not women; and, furthermore, that they are generally Parisian Jews or Freemasons, who are bitterly opposed to Christianity and seek, among other means, to uproot it by the introduction into Christian society of these dangerous and indecent dresses.”



Archbishop Rev. John W. Shaw writes article, ”We Are Deeply Concerned with
the Morals of Dress”

An article in Le Figaro by His Eminence Cardinal Louis-Ernest Dubois spoke of a letter that “was read from the pulpit in every church in the diocese, the following warning of the new archbishop of Paris, ‘against indecent modes and unseemly dances.'” quoting, “We urge our diocesan react against the opposing modes to Christian decency.”

Women won the right to vote in the United States on August 26, 1920

In his lecture on Britain’s surplus of young women caused by the loss of young men in war, Dr. R. Murray-Leslie criticized “the social butterfly type… the frivolous, scantily-clad, jazzing flapper, irresponsible and undisciplined, to whom a dance, a new hat, or a man with a car, were of more importance than the fate of nations” New York Times, February 5th 1920

Lesbian subcultures begin to become more established in several larger US cities.

20Pants are worn by women to Ski.

“Knickers” are widely accepted as sportswear for women. Many golf courses ban women from wearing casual knickers until the mid ’20s. They fit right in with the “boyish” style of the youth culture.

School girls wear bloomers, a softer form of knickers, in school as well as part of their gym uniform. Black or navy boomers with a Middy top have already been in fashion for girls for a decade or more. It stays on trend into the 1930s.



Pope Benedict XV encyclical “Sacra Propediem” speaks of immodest fashions and dances and the shamelessness of women going to Mass immodestly dress.

“The Queen of Sheba”, Fox Studios’ another first in nudity on the big screen.



“Beach pyjamas”, wide legged pants for women become very popular. They were worn exclusively on beaches everywhere, usually with backless sun-tops or sleeveless blouses. But soon became popular everyday wear for women in the ’30s. They are designed by CoCo Chanel; a popular fashion designer who later would become a Nazi spy, and was bisexual.


download (8)1923

Blues singer, Gladys Bently would appear onstage as an open lesbian,
wearing men’s clothes.



Bishop Quillet and Mgr Marnas publish a warning in “La Croix” — “Indecency is more and more characterized by a fashion of removing sleeves and showing more cleavage (décolletage), the brazenness with which some people come to church in unbecoming attire,even daring to approach to Holy Table obliges us priests to publish this warning…”

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François -X Schoepfer bishop of Tarbes

François -X Schoepfer bishop of Tarbes and Lourdes writes a serious call to Modesty at Mass, explicitly recalling Vicar General of Pope Pius XI’s (Basilio Pompili) warning on all the doors of the Churches in Rome,

Cdl. Basilio Pompili

Then further decry the immodesty of dress at Lourdes and added they “must consider themselves unworthy of being admitted to enter the miraculous Cave, consecrated by the Apparitions of the Virgin Immaculate.” As well as confirming all the priests not give Communion to women with sleeveless dresses that show cleavage (décolletage)


The Bishops of Belgium issue a serious call concerning indecent fashions, quoting, “People who are not well dressed are asked not to approach the communion rail.”

download (13)Archbishop of Rheims L.-J., Cardinal Lucon, issues a letter repeating the call for modesty at Mass, prohibiting women with cleavage (décolletage) and sleeveless dresses from Holy Communion.

01513Mgr Besson bishop of Lausanne, orders a letter to be read at all Masses in churches and chapels of the diocese, decrying the scandal of immodest fashions, “especially in the city, has taken outrageous proportions…. (of) The faithful, and especially mothers,”

Bisexual French dancer, Josephine Baker becomes famous; her costume consisting of only a girdle of artificial bananas likened to a micro mini skirt, becomes her most iconic image and a “symbol” of the Jazz Age and the 1920s.



Cardinal-Vicar of Pope Pius XI, Cardinal Basilio Pompili issues Guidelines for Mass. Summarized as, “Shoulders & knees covered, no cleavage, nothing tight, clingy or sheer.”

After her role in “Howard Hawks silent buddy film A Girl in Every Port.” actress Louise Brooks became an icon for women. Her distinctive bob haircut helped start a trend; many women styled their hair in imitation of both her and fellow film star Colleen Moore. She was a “sex symbol” as well as bisexual.

Freemasons write, “Religion does not fear the dagger’s point; but it can vanish
under corruption. Let us not grow tired of corruption: we may use a pretext, such
as sport, hygiene, health resorts. It is necessary to corrupt, that our boys and girls
practice nudism in dress. To avoid too much reaction, one would have to progress
in a methodical manner: first, undress up to the elbow; then up to the knees; then
arms and legs completely uncovered; later, the upper part of the chest, the
shoulders, etc. etc.” Cf. International Review of Secret Societies , Paris 1928, p. 2062-2063. 


download (9)1929

Pope Pius XI speaks again of the importance of modesty, specifically in sports, in his encyclical, “Divini Illius Magistri”



Letter of the Sacred Congregation of the Council is issued. Maidens and women dressed immodestly are to be debarred from Holy Communion … further, if the offence be extreme, they may even be forbidden to enter the Church.””

download (10)“In the 1930s we put eleven hundred men into the priesthood in order to destroy the Church from within.” – Bella Dodd, former high ranking official of the American Communist Party.”


downloadFélix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, OP, Canadian Cardinal writes,
“We hope that all the girls and women of our diocese will be a duty to comply with these provisions and to set an example of Christian modesty with the submission to the will of the Vicar of Jesus Christ. It goes without saying that sanctions brought by the Sacred Congregation must be applied with equal prudence and firmness , to stop immediately and as effectively as possible the scourge of immodesty.” Explicitly citing Basilio Pompili’s address on Modesty from 1928 “In order to determine precisely what is to be considered what is appropriate, (or) improper attire to be worn by the person assisting at Mass.”

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Greta Garbo

Actress Greta Garbo, bisexual, popularizes the pantsuit for women.

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Marlene Dietrich

Marlene Dietrich also popularizes cross-dressing, appearing in a film wearing men’s clothes, as well as continuing to do so for much of her career. She was born to a Communist working class family. Her first husband was an ardent Communist, she was known to be bisexual. To her credit she refused to work with the Nazi’s during her career.

Pope Pius XI Encyclical, “Ad Salutem”  “Christian women can never be at too great pains to abolish immodest fashions of dress.”

La_Sainte_Face_de_Notre_Seigneur_Jesus_Christ_(HS85-10-15382)Cardinal Sbarretti, by order of Pope Pius XI issues, “Instruction to Diocesan
Ordinaries on Indecent Women’s Fashion”, where he writes, “Often when the
occasion arose, the Pope disapproved and condemned severely indecent modes
introduced everywhere today in the clothing habits of women and girls even
Catholic; not only these modes gravely offend the dignity and feminine grace, but
unfortunately cause temporal damage for the woman and, what is worse, his
eternal loss and others.” “That is why this Sacred Congregation, in charge of
promoting the discipline in the clergy and people, approves and praises rightly
vigilance and action of the bishops; urges them together vigorously to pursue their
plans and their timely as companies squeeze in execution until this plague is
completely eradicated in honest circles of society.” 
(Acts of Pope Pius XI , Volume 6, House of the Good Press, Paris, 1934, p. 351-356.


download (12)1932

Tennis player Alice Marble wears white shorts to play for the first time. By this time mini skirts that shot over the knees were the trend in women’s sports.



download (16)The National Legion of Decency is formed by the Catholic Bishops of the United States. The legion publishes rating lists designed to provide “a moral estimate of current entertainment feature motion pictures”

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Katherine Hepburn is noted as a staunchly“trouser-wearing”, Feminist, Bisexual, Pro Abortion and Socialist sympathizer. Her mother co-founded Planned Parenthood alongside Eugenist Margaret Sanger and was a Communist. To this day, Katherine Hepburn is known and revered by many feminists by making pants acceptable for women;s wear.



Pope Pius XI promulgates the Encyclical, “Vigilanti Cura” that praises highly the Legion of Decency and speaks of the potential corrupting of souls by the Cinema, and what measures the clergy must take.




Women begin wearing slacks for all form of casual dress particularly in America.

The League requested that the Pledge of the Legion of Decency be administered each year on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception (December 8).

by George Petty, June 13, 1938

Women & Men’s swimsuits continue to cover less.




Vogue Magazine Cover

“Vogue pictured its first woman wearing slacks in a spread, at a time
 when those garments still weren’t widely worn by women and had the power to
shock. “And if people accuse you of aping men, take no notice,” the editors wrote.
”Our new slacks are irreproachably masculine in their tailoring, but women have
made them entirely their own by the colors in which they order them, and the
accessories they add.”

download (1)1940

Pope Pius XII address 20,00 Italian Youth Women of Catholic Action, “You, therefore, who so piously clothe the altar and dwelling of Jesus Christ, never forget that you carry God in you by the grace which clothes your soul; do not forget that this divine presence makes, not only of your soul, but also of your body, a holy temple”

Extremely short skirts became a staple of 20th-century science fiction, particularly in 1940s pulp artwork such as that by Earle K. Bergey who depicted futuristic women in a “stereotyped combination” of metallic miniskirt, bra and boots. As well as pinup images by artists like Earle K. Bergey.


Pope Pius XII speaks to the feminine youth of Italian Catholic Action, who have made a “Purity Crusade”, “The Church must work on souls, and in her service Catholic Action, your action, in close union and under the direction of the ecclesiastical hierarchy, in combating the perils of misconduct in all areas open to you: in the field of fashion, clothing and clothing, hygiene and sport, in the field of social relations and entertainment. Your weapons will be your word and your example, your kindness and your maintenance, weapons that also testify to others and make possible and laudable the behavior that honors and honors your activity.”


The Holy Father speaks to the women of Catholic Action, praising their battle for modesty and purity and encouraging them,
“Your zeal, however, against immodest attitudes and attitudes, do not just try again, but build up, showing practically to the female world how a young woman can harmonize the superior laws of virtue with the rules of hygiene and elegance in her clothes and behavior. . It is to be hoped that not a small part of Italian women, those (that is, but many) who have remained healthy in thought and in heart, will not delay or doubt to follow your example.”


The city council of Monahans, Texas, passed an ordinance in 1944 that banned women in shorts from public streets, according to TheNew York Times of the day.

download (18)1945

Canadian Cardinal Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve writes reminding “the faithful of the grave obligation to protect Christian morals among us…

It goes without saying that all Christians should fight against the invasion of suggestive modes and immoral liberties.

It should be noted that clothes called shorts are not admitted by Christian decency even for places of amusement…” adding that women with sleeveless, low-cut tops and short skirts “must put on a coat before crossing the threshold of our temples.”


The Bishops of Quebec, write a lengthy Joint Pastoral Letter titled, “Purity Crusade”, concerning the grave importance of Modesty in Dress.

download“Pull down the ‘pin-up’ and put up the Madonna,” the Very Rev. J. Hugh
O’Donnell, C.S. president of the University of Notre Dame, urged in an address on
the Catholic Hour, condemning the vogue of immodesty in photographs and
articles appearing in the nation’s newspaper and magazines…



Louis Réard launched the first string bikini and recruited a nude dancer from the Casino de Paris to model it.


download (1)1950

Women in Science Fiction films & TV shows begin wearing mini and/or micro skirts. Interestingly, the popular show, “Space Patrol” was applauded
for being wholesome and family-friendly, even though the women’s short skirts
would have been unacceptable in other contexts.


Pope Pius XII condemns “Festival Bikini Contest” as sinful.


Pope Pius XII addresses the National Scientific Congress dedicated to
gymnastic-sporting activities. He speaks not only to women, “ There is also in
sport and gymnastics, in rhythm and dance, a certain nudism, which is neither
necessary nor convenient. Not without reason, a few years ago, a completely
impartial observer said: ” What in this field affects the mass, it is not the beauty of
the nude, but the nude of beauty». Faced with such a way of practicing gymnastics
and sport the religious and moral sense opposes his Veto.”


download (2)Fashion historians credit actress Brigitte Bardot with popularising the bikini design. She was a 22-year-old brunette when she was photographed wearing a two-piece on the beach during the 1953 Cannes Film Festival. She lived a miserable life; she had “100s of lovers, some women” “tried to kill herself multiple times.” “In her memoirs ‘Initiales BB’, she describes her horror at finding herself pregnant in 1959, aged 25: “I looked at my flat, slender belly in the mirror like a dear friend upon whom I was about to close a coffin lid.” She revealed, in an
attempt to abort the child, repeatedly punching herself in the stomach and begging her doctor for morphine. Bardot was ordered to pay her son damages for the hurt
inflicted by the book, in which she referred to her unborn son as a “cancerous tumour” and said she would have “preferred to give birth to a little dog”.Sales of
the two-piece soon exploded, as did Bardot’s career. Later photographs of Marilyn Monroe, Rita Hayworth and Ava Gardner wearing bikinis only increased demand. 



download (3)Letter on immodesty of fashion, written by Cardinal Ciriaci, Prefect of the SC of the Council to bishops around the world, in the name and by mandate of Pope Pius XII. “It has come to the point that everything that happens or is exhibited in private life or in public, actually depravity or of dishonesty , is narrated brazenly in the newspapers, publications and magazines of all kinds ; while in the countless theaters that are exposed for all to see on the screen; so that not only the weak and carefree youth, but middle age itself are deeply impressed by these immoral shows , bad for healthy minds.” (also written about in Catholic
Courier newspaper of the same year)


Archbishop Albert G. Meyer, Pastoral Letter on Decency and Modesty,
is published, May 1



November 8th Pope Pius XII receives in a special audience, the participants in the First International Congress of the Latin Union of High Fashion and gives them precise instructions in a long speech in Italian, and is called the lengthiest discussion any Pope has given to the moral problems raised by dress end fashions.

“Yet, no matter how broad and changeable the relative morals of styles may be, there is always an absolute norm to be kept after having heard the admonition of conscience warning against approaching danger: style must never be a proximate occasion of sin.”

download (4)1959

Rufino J. Cardinal Santos, Archbishop of Manila, quotes Basilio Pompili’s guidelines as “The Church’s stand concerning modesty in dress” in his Pastoral of December 6,. He was known for launching many religious crusades, including the Purity Crusade for Mary Immaculate.


download (5)1960

Cardinal Giuseppe Siri writes an entire Notification on women wearing pants, saying that pants that are not tight “cannot be said to constitute as such a grave offense against modesty” And goes on to say that “it is a different aspect of women’s wearing of men’s trousers which seems to us the gravest” citing, among other examples, that it changes ” the feminine psychology proper to women,”



Skirt hemlines were just above the knee.



Extremely short skirts, some as much as eight inches above the knee, are observed in Britain in the summer of 1962. The young women who wore these short skirts were called “Ya-Ya girls,” a term derived from “yeah, yeah” which was a popular catcall at the time.


download (6)1964

Gay Fashion Designer Rudi Gernreich designs the first “topless” swimsuit.



Andre Courreges dies at 92


André Courrèges presents short skirts measuring four inches above the knee in January 1965 for the year’s Spring/Summer collection



Some mini skirt designs have the hem at the upper thigh.

Mini-skirt-protest-704x400The British Society for the Preservation of the Miniskirt is established to protest against the return of longer hemlines at the Christian Dior fashion show.



Gay Fashion Designer Rudi Gernreich is among the first American designers to offer miniskirts.


In Africa, the Youth League of Tanzania’s ruling TANU party launched Operation Vijana. Organised and run by young men, Vijana was a morality campaign targeting indecent clothing, which led to attacks on women with at least one stoning reportedly triggered by the victim’s miniskirt. Gangs of youths patrolled bus stations and streets looking for women dressed “inappropriately,” and dealing out physical attacks and beatings.

(Ross, Robert (2008). “Engendered Acceptance and Rejection”. Clothing: A Global History. Polity. pp. 162–163.)


The fashion industry largely returns to longer skirts such as the midi and the maxi. Journalist Christopher Booker gave two reasons for this reaction: firstly, that “there was almost nowhere else to go … the mini-skirts could go no higher”; and secondly, in his view, “dressed up in mini-skirts and shiny PVC macs, given such impersonal names as ‘dolly birds’, girls had been transformed into throwaway plastic objects”.

Germaine Greer in a photoshoot for the satirical underground magazine Oz, in 1969.Feminist and Communist Germain Greer writes about women’s clothing, “The women kept on dancing while their long skirts crept up, and their girdles
dissolved, (…) their clothes withered away to the mere wisps and ghosts of draperies to adorn and glorify ..” (Greer, Germaine (1969-02). Germaine Greer in Oz, February 1969)


An article appears in Paul Harvey’s column of the SCOTTSBLUFF STAR HERALD newspaper, speaks about the mini skirt inciting sex crime, “Professional law enforcement officials in 50 states were asked, ‘Does the short skirt invite sex crime?’ Those in 61% of our major cities reported; 92% said yes.

Gay Fashion designer, Rudi Gernreich introduces the idea of unisex clothing that was minimalist, utilitarian, and optional, including men’s suits and hats for women.. He shows his designs on a male and female model who were both shaved.

181005-nypl-out-christopher-street-liberation-day-ew-337p_fbbf28bebc26cbf6edf68ed8b149d3fe.fit-2000wThe first “Pride Parade” happens on June 28th in New York





The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith says, “In moral matters
man cannot make value judgments according to his personal whim”


Outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and Communism, Alexander
Solzhenitsyn, describes America in a speech at Harvard as having “human decadence” with “moral violence against young people, such as motion pictures full of pornography, crime, and horror.”


download (1)1987

Fr. Antonio Royo Marín, O.P. writes in his book, “The Theology of
Christian Perfection” that “One Can Sin against Modesty by Negligence in


download (2)1995

Dr. Gloria Polo, a Catholic who was struck by lightning and was
judged, then came back to life, spoke about the seriousness of her immodest attire:
“the Lord showed me how they sinned with me: because we are not dealing with
admiration, as I believed, but with provocation, and they were provoked due to
me. I committed adultery, for having exhibited my body. I did not understand the
male sensibility. I believed that they thought like me, that looking at me they
would say: “What a nice body!” Instead they sinned due to my fault. Never was I
unfaithful for having thrown myself into the arms of a man, but it was as if I was a
prostitute in spirit.” Her story and ministry are both approved by the Church.

The Pontifical Council of the Family on Modesty, “The practice of decency and
modesty in speech, action and dress is very important for creating an atmosphere
suitable to the growth of chastity, but this must be well motivated by respect for
one’s own body and the dignity of others…”

Mother Angelica speaks about the importance of modesty in dress in her show, “Mother Angelica Live”, episode aired 7/9/96.


download (3)1997

Sister Lucia dos Santo of Fatima writes in her book, “Calls from the
Message of Fatima”, “Notice however that it is not only for these two
reasons-punishment and penance of our sins-that God clothes us; it served other purposes too. Besides being a protection against sin, the modest clothing with which we must cover ourselves is a distinguishing mark setting us apart in the stream of immorality and enabling us to be, for the world, true witnesses of Christ.”

download (4)1998

Servant of God, Fr. John Hardon writes an essay titled, “Modesty is
always in style.” Where he says, “We shall be only as successful in restoring the
sanity which protects innocent human life only in the measure that we exercise our
interior humility by the practice of exterior modesty. No one should doubt that this will take, as I keep repeating, heroism among us Christians to resist the demonic
pressures brought on by a world that laughs at Christian modesty and despises
those who will not conform to the pagan sexual exhibitionism of our press and our
dress, of our books and magazines, of our system of education and our business
world of economics.”

download (5)1999

Fr. Thomas Morrow writes an article titled, “A Modesty Proposal”,
“Now some may argue, “Well, we’ve come a long way (baby). Styles are much more revealing today than 60 years ago. It used to be risque for a woman to show her legs at the beach. The things that are called immodest today may seem quite commonplace 30 years from now.” True, but generally those who are committed to the Lord are not at the cutting edge of revealing styles. That sort of
groundbreaking could be left to the pagans.”

download (7)2000

Bishop Robert Vasa writes an essay in, “the Catholic Sentinel” June 30,
titled, “Dress, Demeanor, Discipline Show how We Value Holy Mass.”



The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops issued a statement
titled, “Happy Are Those Who Are Called To His Supper: On Preparing to
Receive Christ Worthily in the Eucharist”, in the statement is this portion on
dressing well for Holy Mass; “Appropriate attire — We should also come to the
sacred liturgy appropriately dressed. As Christians we should dress in a modest
manner, wearing clothes that reflect our reverence for God and that manifest our
respect for the dignity of the liturgy and for one another.”

download (8)


Bishop John W. Yanta writes specifically about modesty in dress, in his
article, “Modesty Starts with Purification of the Heart”


Father Thomas G. Morrow writes on modesty and notes, “Revealing
dress exposes women to objectifications The concept of modesty seems lost even
on those who advocate for chastity.”


Father John Lyons, OMV writes on the steps to take as parents and
pastors, concerning modesty in dress. He urges people to print out and post in their parishes

Radical Feminist, Pro Abortion group FEMEN is founded. They become known for organizing controversial topless protests against sex tourism, religious institutions, sexism, “homophobia” and other social, national, and international topics. Founded in Ukraine, the group is now based in France. They have done multiple violent, and vile attacks against the Catholic Church, always involving
some sort of nudity


Bishop Paprocki speaks on dressing modestly in his video, “Showing
proper dignity when attending supper of the Lamb”.

Radical Feminist campaign “Free the nipple” starts. “The campaign highlights the general convention of allowing men to appear topless in public while considering it sexual or indecent for women to do the same, and asserts that this difference is an unjust treatment of women. The campaign argues that it should be legally and culturally acceptable for women to bare their nipples in public.”


Alice von Hildebrand speaks volumes in her article, saying of
downplaying of temptation and the like, “King David’s sins underscore how sexual desire can degenerate into what Dietrich calls “diabolical” temptations. Some of the most atrocious perversions occur when the Devil takes over completely. And one should never downplay, or minimize, the gravity of these evils. It is plainly false to claim that such abuses are “tragic,” rather than “filthy.””


At a forum in Manila, Father Marvin Mejia, Secretary General of the
Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP), reminded churchgoers
to dress properly. “It’s important to realize that this is a church. We have all the
time to go to the beach but this is a sacred place so people should dress decently.
(…) I think that’s common sense already. People should know the proper attire
that they should wear.”


Fr. Carmelo Arada of Manila Archdiocese Commission on Liturgy said
certain decorum must always be observed for liturgical functions.“Going to Mass in the parish and going to Mass in the malls must be celebrated with the same
disposition, including the attire. Dress properly,” said the priest. “The Mass is the
highest form of prayer, and it is very different from the other commodities that are
material in nature,””

Present Day

Papal Audience Dress Code: For the Papal Audience casual but modest dress is
accepted, again ladies should still have shoulders covered particularly if the
meeting is held indoors. Mens- Long pants- At least short sleeves Women- The
knees covered- At least short sleeves

Vatican dress code: The dress code for visiting the Vatican is the same that
applies when you visit any church in Italy. What to wear at the Vatican?The
Vatican Museums that include the Sistine Chapel have the classification in regards
to dress codes as any other church or place of worship in Italy. When visiting the
Vatican Museums in Rome all visitors males and females should wear as a
minimum clothing that covers both their shoulders and knees.